Indigenous Peoples and Languages of Alaska

This map shows the indigenous language regions of Alaska. Related languages of neighboring Canada and Russia are also shown. The language boundaries represent traditional territories at approximately 1900 and are based on those established in Michael E. Krauss' Native Peoples and Languages of Alaska map (1974, revised 1982 -- G961K1974b). The current map was generated digitally using geographic information systems (GIS) technology. In addition to language boundaries, the map includes more than 270 indigenous place names in indigenous orthography. An interactive version of this map is currently under development and will be made available on the Alaskool website.

Indigenous Peoples and Languages of Alaska
[larger version (3.7 MB)]

Copyright © 2011
Alaska Native Language Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks
Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage

order from anlc

Check out the new interactive map at Alaskool! new


  • Original design and concept by Michael E. Krauss.
  • Digital map created by Gary Holton, Jim Kerr, and Colin West.
  • Interactive online map at the Alaskool website by Ben Saylor.
  • Place names complied by Gary Holton. (Sources for individual names are listed on the place names page.)
  • Graphic design and layout by Clemencia Merrill.

How to obtain copies

Printed copies of the map suitable for wall mounting can be purchased from ANLC.

Download a digital copy of the map

GIS shapefiles on which the map is based can be downloaded from the archive [updated 2013-07-17].

Citation and Usage Guidelines

Permission to use this map for non-commercial, educational purposes is granted under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License. For information about commercial use in publications please contact ANLA.

Permission to share and adapt the GIS and language data available through the archive’s website is CC BY granted under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Please cite as follows:

Krauss, Michael, Gary Holton, Jim Kerr, and Colin T. West. 2011. Indigenous Peoples and Languages of Alaska. Fairbanks and Anchorage: Alaska Native Language Center and UAA Institute of Social and Economic Research. Online map

If you are referencing the previous version of this map (1974, revised 1982), please cite as follows.

Krauss, Michael. 1974 (1982). Native Peoples and Languages of Alaska. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center.

History of the Map

Behind the Map More information about the history of this map and other Alaska language maps can be found in a recent paper entitled Behind the Map (download G002H2010).



Map announced in ISER UAA Research Matters no. 54

Map featured in a July 10 article in the Anchorage Daily News

Funding provided by