Friday Focus: Reflecting on ANCSA
April 22, 2022
— By Charlene Stern, vice chancellor for rural, community and Native education
Last week, UAF co-hosted a symposium with Doyon Limited which focused on the past, present and future of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. Passed by Congress in 1971, ANCSA extinguished aboriginal title in Alaska in exchange for the retainment of 44 million acres to be held in corporate ownership through newly established regional and village Alaska Native corporations. It also included $962.5 million in compensation for land lost in the settlement agreement. Fifty years later, those Alaska Native corporations have contributed billions of dollars to Alaska’s economy and employ a workforce of 16,000 Alaskans and more than 57,000 employees worldwide.
The symposium featured multiple panel presentations focused around the themes of land management, policy, and economic development. Alaska Native leaders from across the state participated in the event, contributing their vast knowledge on ANCSA-related issues. The keynote address was delivered by Anthony Mallott, president and CEO of Sealaska, an ANCSA corporation based in southeast Alaska. Mallott shared Sealaska’s journey to learn and adapt to the for-profit business model of a corporation. Other speakers echoed similar stories of the early years post-ANCSA and the challenges that traditional leaders faced in navigating these new Western corporate models. Through much trial and error, ANCs have persisted over the past five decades with many dominating the Alaska Business Magazine’s Top 49ers year after year for gross revenue performance.
As part of the symposium, Doyon sponsored an evening reception which also served as a fundraiser for the future Troth Yeddha’ Indigenous Studies Center, UAF’s No. 1 capital priority. Named after the wild potato plant that was traditionally harvested by Interior tribes along the ridge that UAF’s main campus currently resides on, the Troth Yeddha’ Indigenous Studies Center will be key to achieving UAF’s goal of becoming a global leader in Alaska Native and Indigenous Studies. The facility will serve as the future home of the College of Rural and Community Development, including the Alaska Native Language Center, the Rural Alaska Honors Institute and academic programs such as Indigenous Studies, Tribal Governance, and Alaska Native Studies and Rural Development. The facility will also feature innovative programming that perpetuates Alaska Native arts and culture as well as research that elevates and integrates Indigenous knowledge in Arctic research. During the reception, Kinross Alaska presented UAF with a generous donation of $1 million to support the Troth Yeddha’ Indigenous Studies Center. We are incredibly thankful to Kinross for believing and investing in the vision for this facility and all that it will contribute to our university, state and nation.
We look forward to the next 50 years of growing and expanding Alaska Native and Indigenous programming at UAF and beyond!
Friday Focus is written by a different member of UAF’s leadership team every week.