Research

UAF Theses: Muskoxen
• Biddlecomb, M. E. (1992) Comparative pattern of winter habitat use by muskoxen and caribou in northern Alaska - M.S.
• Bos, G. N. (1967) Range Types and Their Utilization by Muskox on Nunivak Island, Alaska. - M.S.
• Danks, F. S. (2000) Potential muskox habitat in the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska: a GIS analysis - M.S.
• Fleischman, C. L. (1986) Genetic Variation in Muskoxen Ovibos Moschatus. - M.S.
• Groves, P. (1995) The takin and muskox: a molecular and ecological evaluation of relationship - Ph.D.
• Ihl, C. (1999) Comparative habitat and diet selection of muskoxen and reindeer on the Seward Peninsula, western Alaska - M.S.
• Jingfors, K. T. (1981) Habitat Relationships and Activity Patterns of a Reintroduced Muskox Population. - M.S.
• Knott, K. K. (2005) Growth and nutritional development of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) and muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) - M.S.
• Lawler, J. P. (2002) Heat increment and methane production by muskoxen fed browse - Ph.D.
• McLean, B. D. (1996) Yersiniosis As a Mortality Factor of Muskoxen on Banks Island, NWT, Canada. - M.S.
• O'Brien, C. M. (1988) Characterization of Muskox Habitat in Northeastern Alaska. - M.S.
• Ott, J. T. (1998) Parasitic helminths of muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) from Banks Island, Northwest Territories, Canada - M.S.
• Peltier, T. C. (2003) Effects of season, sex, and dietary nitrogen on muskoxen - M.S.
• Reynolds, P. C. E. (1998) Ecology of a Reestablished Population of Muskoxen in Northeastern Alaska. - Ph.D.
• Robertson, M. A. (2000) Maximizing qiviut growth in muskoxen - M.S.
• Robus, M. A. (1981) Muskox Habitat and Use Patterns in Northeastern Alaska. - M.S.
• Rombach, E. P. (2001) Trace mineral reserves for reproduction and development in muskoxen - M.S.
• Swor, R. M. (2003) The effect of a low copper diet on muskox calf immune function and health - M.S.
• Tiplady, B. A. (1990) Effects of milk intake, growth, and suckling efficiency on suckling behavior of muskox (Ovibos moschatus) calves - M.S.
• Wilson, K. J. (1992) Spatial scales of muskox resource selection in late winter - M.S. 

UAF Theses: Caribou
• Allaye-Chan, A. C. (1991) Physiological and ecological determinants of nutrient partitioning in caribou and reindeer - Ph.D.
• Barten, N. L. (1998) Habitat use by parturient and nonparturient caribou of the Mentasta Caribou Herd - M.S.
• Floyd, J. P. (1987) Heart Rate As an Indicator of Oxygen Consumption During Auditory and Visual Stimulation of Caribou (Rangifer Tarandus). - M.S.
• Gerhart, K.L. (1995) Nutritional and ecological determinants of growth and reproduction in caribou - Ph.D.
• Maier, J. A. K. (1996) Ecological and physiological aspects of caribou activity and responses to aircraft overflights - Ph.D.

UAF Theses: Reindeer
• Allaye-Chan, A. C. (1991) Physiological and ecological determinants of nutrient partitioning in caribou and reindeer - Ph.D.
• Bevins, J. S. (1993) Detection and control of brucellosis in reindeer vaccinated with Brucella suis biovar 3 - Ph.D.
• Blanchard, J. M. (1983) The Turnover of 75-Selenium-Selenomethionine As an Indicator of the Status of Protein Metabolism in Reindeer (Rangifer Tarandus) - Ph.D.
• Cameron, R. D. III. (1972) Water Metabolism by Reindeer (Rangifer Tarandus). - Ph.D.
• Erickson, C. A. (1972) Some Preliminary Observations on the Acoustic Behavior of Semi-Domestic Reindeer, Rangifer Tarandus Tarandus, With Emphasis on I - M.S.
• Ihl, C. (1999) Comparative habitat and diet selection of muskoxen and reindeer on the Seward Peninsula, western Alaska - M.S.
• Knott, K. K. (2005) Growth and nutritional development of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) and muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) - M.S.
• Moore, J. T. (1982) Factors Affecting Grazing Patterns of Reindeer on Summer Tundra Ranges. - M.S.Morton, J. K. (1989) Brucella Suis Type 4 in Foxes and Their Role As Reservoirs/Vectors Among Reindeer. - Ph.D.
• Oderkirk, S. E. (1998) Clinical pathology of intensively managed reindeer - M.S.
• Pegau, R. E. (1968) Reindeer Range Appraisal in Alaska. - M.S.
• Prowse, D. L. (1981) Effects of Antler Removal on Rutting Behavior of Reindeer (Rangifer Tarandus ). - M.S.
• Stimmelmayr, R. (2001) Daily meal patterns, voluntary food intake and fattening of reindeer during winter and responses to insulin - Ph.D.

LARS peer review articles and book chapters

Rowell, J.E.,  M.C. Sousa, and M.P. Shipka. 2007.
Estrous synchronization in captive muskoxen.  
Can. J. Anim. Sci. 87:535-538.

Shipka, M.P. J.E. Rowell, and A.E. Young. 2007.
Relationship of dam’s body weight, milk components, and milk energy density to reindeer calf growth rate.
Proceedings of the Western Section of the American Society of Animal Science 58:126-130.

Shipka, M.P., J.E. Rowell, and M.C. Sousa. 2007.
Steroid hormone secretion during the estrous cycle and pregnancy in farmed Alaskan reindeer.
J. Anim. Sci. 85:944-951.

Blake, J.E., Rowell, J.E. and Shipka, M.P. 2007.
Chapter 131; Reindeer Reproductive Management. pp 970- 974
In: Current Therapy In Theriogenology. 2nd Edition. (Eds)  R.S. Youngquist. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA

Taillandier, A.-S., F. Domine, W.R. Simpson, M. Sturm, and T. A. Douglas. 2007.
Rate of decrease of the specific surface area of dry snow: Isothermal and temperature gradient conditions.
J. Geophys. Res., 112, F03003, doi:10.1029/2006JF000514.

Taillandier, A.-S., F. Domine, W.R. Simpson, M. Sturm, T.A. Douglas and K. Severin. 2006.
Evolution of the Snow Area Index of the Subarctic Snowpack in Central Alaska over a Whole Season. Consequences for the Air to Snow Transfer of Pollutants.
Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 40, no. 24.

Barboza, P.S. and Parker, K.L. 2006.
Body protein stores and isotopic indicators of N balance in female reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) during winter.
Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 79(3), 628-644.

Barboza, P.S., Peltier, T.C. and Forster, R.J. 2006.
Ruminal fermentation and fill change with season in an arctic grazer: response to hyperphagia and hypophagia in muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus).
Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 79(3), 497-513.

Cameron, Raymond, Walter T. Smith, Robert G. White, and Brad Griffith. 2005.
Central Arctic Caribou and Petroleum Development: Distributional, Nutritional, and Reproductive Implications.
Arctic (Arctic Institute of North America) 58, no. 1:1-9.

Knott, Katrina K, P.S. Barboza, and R.T. Bowyer. 2005.
Growth in Arctic Ungulates: Postnatal Development and Organ Maturation in Rangifer tarandus and Ovibos moschatus.
Journal of Mammalogy 86(1):121-130.

Barboza, PS and Patricia E Reynolds. 2004.
Monitoring nutrition of a large grazer: muskoxen on the Arctic Wildlife Refuge. 
International Congress Series 1275: 327-333.

Knott, K.K., P.S. Barboza, R.T. Bowyer, J.E. Blake. 2004.
Nutritional development of feeding strategies in arctic ruminants: digestive morphometry of reindeer, Rangifer tarandus, and muskoxen, Ovibos moschatus.
Zoology 107: 315-333.

Barboza, P.S. , T.C. Peltier and R.J. Forster. 2004. Ruminal degradation increases with seasonal hyperphagia in muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus): a preliminary report.
Journal of Animal Feed and Sciences, Vol. 1 Suppl. 1: 711-714.

Barboza, P.S.and P.E. Reynolds. 2004.
Monitoring nutrition of a large grazer: muskoxen on the Arctic Wildlife Refuge.
International Congress Series. 1275C: 327-333.

Kruse, Jack. A., Robert G. White, Howard E. Epstein, Billy Archie, Matt D. Berman, Stephen R. Braund, F. Stuart Chapin III,  Johnny  Charlie Sr., Colin J. Daniel, Joan Eamer, Nick Flanders, Brad Griffith, Sharman Haley, Lee Huskey, S. James, Bernice Joseph, David Klein, Gary P. Kofinas, Stephanie M. Martin, Stephen M. Murphy, William Nebesky, Craig Nicholson, Don E. Russell, Joe Tetlichi, Arlon Tussing, Marilyn D. Walker, and Oran R. Young. 2004.
Modeling sustainability of Arctic Communities: An interdisciplinary collaboration of researchers and local knowledge holders.
Ecosystems 7(8):815-828.

Barboza P.S., Hartbauer D.W., Hauer W.E., and Blake J.E. 2004.
Polygynous mating impairs body condition and homeostasis in male reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus).
J Comp Physiol B 174:309-317.

Rowell, J.E., M.C. Sousa, A.M. Hirth, and M.P. Shipka. 2004.
Reproductive management of reindeer in Alaska.
Proceedings of the 1st World Deer Veterinary Congress. 21:96-97

Barboza, P.S., Rombach, E.P., Blake, J.E., Nagy, J.A. 2003.
Copper status of muskoxen: A comparison of wild and captive populations.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases 39.

Li, M., Wei, F., Groves, P., Feng, Z., Hu, J. 2003.
Genetic structure and phylogeography of the takin (Budorcas taxicolor) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences.
Canadian Journal of Zoology 81:462-468.

Kofinas G, Lyver P, Russell D, White R, Nelson A, and Flanders N. 2003.
Towards a protocol for community monitoring of caribou body condition.
Rangifer 14:43-52.

Lawler, James P. and Robert G. White. 2003.
Temporal responses in energy expenditure and respiratory quotient following feeding in the muskox: influence of season on energy costs of eating and standing and an endogenous heat increment.
Can. J. Zool. 81(9): 1524-1238.

Peltier T.C., P.S. Barboza. 2003.
Growth in an Arctic grazer: effects of sex and dietary nitrogen on yearling muskoxen.
Journal of Mammalogy 84(3):915-925.

Peltier T.C., P.S. Barboza, and J.E Blake. 2003.
Seasonal hyperphagia does not reduce digestive efficiency in an Arctic grazer.
Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 76(4):471-481.

Rombach, E.P., P.S. Barboza, and J.E. Blake. 2003.
Costs of gestation in an Arctic ruminant: copper reserves in muskoxen.
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C 134: 157-168.

Rombach, E.P., P.S. Barboza and J.E. Blake. 2002.
Utilization of copper during lactation and neonatal development in muskoxen.
Can. J. Zool. 80: 1460-1469.

White, R.G. and J.P. Lawler. 2002.
Can methane suppression during digestion of woody and leafy browse compensate for energy costs of detoxification of plant secondary compounds? A test with muskoxen fed willows and birch.
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A 133: 849-859.

Stimmelmayr, R., K. L. Drew and R. G. White. 2002.
Serum insulin, glucose and lactate concentrations during 18-h fast in female reindeer.
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B 133: 201-208.

Holand, O., P. Aikio, H. Gjostein, M. Nieminen , K. Hove, and R. G. White. 2002.
Modern reindeer dairy farming - the influence of different milking regimes on udder health, milk yield and composition.
Small Rum. Res. 44: 65-73.

Holand, O., H. Gjostein, P. Aikio, M. Nieminen, and R. G. White. 2002.
Traditional reindeer milking and prospects of developing reindeer dairy farming as a niche based production.
Encycl. Dairy Science. 637-643.

Duffy, L.K., C. Kaiser, C. Ackley, and K.S. Richter. 2002.
Mercury in hair of large Alaskan herbivores: routes of exposure.
Alces 37(2):293-301.

Barboza, P.S. and R.T. Bowyer. 2002.
Seasonality of sexual segregation in dimorphic deer: extending the gastrocentric model.
Alces 37(2):275-292.

Griffith, B., D. C. Douglas, D. E. Russell, R. G. White, T. R. McCabe, and K. R. Whitten. 2001.
Effects of Recent Climate Warming on Caribou Habitat and Calf Survival. In Impacts of climate change on wildlife.
Eds Green, R E, Harley, M, Spalding, M & Zockler, C. pp 17-19.

Shipka, M.P., J. E. Rowell, and S.P. Ford. 2002.
Reindeer bull introduction affects the onset of the breeding season.
Anim. Reprod. Sci. 72: 27-35.

Shipka, M.P., M.C. Sousa, and J.E. Rowell. 2002.
Characterization of estrous behavior in muskox cows.
Proceedings of the Western Section of the American Society of Animal Science 53: 387-389.

Staaland, H. and R. G. White 2001.
Regional variation in mineral contents of plants and its significance for migration by Arctic reindeer and caribou.
Alces. 37: 497-509.

Adams, C.A., R.T. Bowyer, J.E. Rowell, W.E. Hauer, and J.A. Jenks. 2001.
Scent marking by male caribou: an experimental test of rubbing behavior.
Rangifer 21:21-28.

Rowell, J.E., C.J. Lupton, M.A. Robertson, F.A. Pfeiffer, J.A. Nagy, and R.G. White. 2001.
Fiber characteristics of qiviut and guard hair from wild muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus).
J.Anim.Sci. 79:1670-1674.

Barboza, P.S. and J.E. Blake. 2001.
Ceruloplasmin as an indicator of copper reserves in wild ruminants at high latitudes.
J.Wildl.Dis. 37:324-331

Bubenik, G.A., R.G. White, and L. Bartos. 2000.
Antler growth in male and female reindeer and its relationship to seasonal blood levels of alkaline phosphatase.
Folia Zool. 49:161-166.

Barboza, P.S. and R.T. Bowyer. 2000.
Sexual segregation in dimorphic deer: a new gastrocentric hypothesis.
J. Mammal. 81:473-489.

Rowell, J.E., Sousa, M., Blake, J.E., and White, R.G. 1999.
Reproductive Strategies in Arctic Ungulates. In Reproduction in Domestic Ruminants IV.
(Eds) Thatcher, W.W., Inskeep, E.K., Niswender, G.D. and Doberska,C. J.
Reprod. Fertil. Suppl. 54.

White, R.G., J.E. Rowell, J.E. Blake and W.E. Hauer. 1998.
Population structure and herd dynamics in captive muskoxen at the Large Animal Research Station, 1988-1994.
Rangifer, 18:145.

Russell, D.E., K.L. Gerhart, R.G. White, and D. van de Wetering. 1998.
Detection of early pregnancy in caribou: evidence for embryonic mortality.
J.Wildl.Manage. 62(3):1066-1075.

Maier, J.A.K., S.M. Murphy, R.G. White, and M.D. Smith. 1998.
Responses of caribou to overflights by low-altitude jet aircraft.
J. Wildl. Manage. 62:752-776.

Bubenik, G. A., D. Schams, R. G. White, J. Rowell, J. Blake, and L. Bartos. 1998.
Seasonal levels of metabolic hormones and substrates in male and female reindeer (Rangifer tarandus).
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 120C:307-315.

Blake, J.E., Rowell, J.E., and Suttie, J.M. 1998.
Pedicle and first antler growth in reindeer calves.
Can. J. Zool. 76(11):2096-2102.

White, R.G., J.E. Rowell, and W.E. Hauer. 1997.
The role of nutrition, body condition and lactation on calving success in muskoxen.
J. Zool., Lond. 243:13-20.

Schulman, A.B. and R.G. White. 1997.
Nursing behavior as a predictor of alternate-year reproduction in muskoxen.
Rangifer. 17(1):31-35. 

Rowell, J.E., R.G. White and W.E. Hauer. 1997.
Progesterone during the breeding season and pregnancy in female muskoxen on different dietary regimens.
Rangifer. 17(3):125-129. 

Mörschel, F.M. and D.R. Klein. 1997.
Effects of weather and parasitic insects on behavior and group dynamics of caribou of the Delta Herd, Alaska.
Can. J. Zool. 75:1659-1670.

Maier, J.A.K. and R.G. White. 1997.
Timing and synchrony of activity in caribou.
J. Anim. Ecol. in review.

Lawler, J.P. and R.G. White. 1997.
Seasonal changes in metabolic rates in muskoxen following twenty-four hours of starvation.
Rangifer. 17(3):135-138. 

Groves, P. 1997.
Intraspecific variation of mitochondrial DNA of muskoxen based on control region sequences.
Can. J. Zool., 75:568-575

Groves, P. 1997.
Muskox.
Alaska Geogr. 23(4):56-94.

Gerhart, K.L., R.G. White, R.D. Cameron, D.E. Russell, and D. van de Wetering. 1997.
Pregnancy rate as an indicator of nutritional staus in Rangifer: implications of lactational infertility.
Rangifer. 17(1):21-24.

Gerhart, K.L., D.E. Russell, D. van de Wetering, R.G. White, and R.D. Cameron. 1997.
Pregnancy of adult caribou (Rangifer tarandus): evidence for lactational infertility.
J. Zool., Lond. 242:17-30.

Bubenik, G.A., D. Schams, R.G. White, J. Rowell, J. Blake, and L. Bartos. 1997.
Seasonal levels of reproductive hormones and their relationship to the antler cycle of male and female reindeer (Rangifer tarandus).
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 116B:269-277.

Seidel, K.B. and J.E. Rowell. 1996.
Canadian muskoxen in Central Europe - A zoo veterinary review.
Rangifer, 16:79-85.

Russell, D.E., D. van de Wetering, R.G. White, and K.L. Gerhart. 1996.
Oil and the Porcupine caribou herd - Can we quantify the impact?
Rangifer, Special issue No. 9:255-257.

Luick, B.R., J.A. Kitchens, R.G. White, and S.M. Murphy. 1996.
Modeling and reproductive costs in caribou exposed to low flying military jet aircraft.
Rangifer, Special issue No. 9:209-211.

Kitchens-Maier, J.A., H.A. Maier, and R.G. White. 1996.
Effects of ambient temperature on activity monitors of radio collars.
J. Wildl. Manage. 60:393-398.

Groves, P. and G.F. Shields. 1996.
Caprinae phylogenetics based on cytochrome b sequences.
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 5:467-476.

Gerhart, K.L., R.G. White, R.D. Cameron, and D.E. Russell. 1996.
Body composition and nutrient reserves of arctic caribou.
Can. J. Zool. 74:136-146.

Gerhart, K.L., R.G. White, R.D. Cameron, and D.E. Russell. 1996.
Growth and body composition of arctic caribou.
Rangifer, Special issue No. 9:393-394.

Gerhart, K.L., R.G. White, R.D. Cameron, and D.E. Russell. 1996.
Estimating fat content of caribou from body condition scores.
J. Wildl. Manage. 60:713-718.

Staaland, Hans, Robert G. White, and Hanne Kortner. 1995.
Mineral concentrations in the alimentary tract of northern rodents and lagomorphs.
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 112A, 619-627.

Kitchens Maier, Julie A., Hilmar A. Maier, Robert G. White. 1995.
Effects of Ambient Temperature on Activity Monitors of Radiocollars.
J. Wildl. Manage. 60(2):393-398.

Allaye Chan-McLeod, A.C., R.G.White, D.E. Russell. 1995.
Body mass and composition indices for female barren-ground caribou.
J. Wildl. Manage. 59(2):278-291.

Pharr, J.W., J.E. Rowell, P.F. Flood. 1994.
Fetal growth in muskoxen determined by transabdominal ultrasonography.
Canadian J. Vet. Research 58:167-172.

Allaye Chan-McLeod, A.C., R.G. White, and D.F. Holleman. 1994.
Effects of protein and energy intake, body condition, and season on nutrient partitioning and milk production in caribou and reindeer.
Can. J.Zool. 72:938-947.

Allaye Chan-McLeod, Ann C., Robert G. White, Donald E. Russell. 1994.
Body mass and composition indices for female barren-ground caribou.
J. Wildl. Manage. 59(2):278-291.

Allaye Chan-McLeod, Ann C., Robert G. White, and Dan F. Holleman. 1994.
Effects of protein and energy intake, body condition, and season on nutrient partitioning and milk production in caribou and reindeer.
Can. J. Zool. 72:938-947.

White, R.G. 1993.
Energy expenditure of ruminants on pasture (pp 475-498).
In Proc. VII World Conf. on Anim. Prod., Edmonton, Canada.

Suttie, J.M., R.G. White, T.R. Manley, B.H. Breier, P.D. Gluckman, P.F. Fennessy,, and K. Woodford. 1993.
Insulin-like growth factor1 and growth seasonality in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) -- comparisons with temperate and tropical cervids.
Rangifer 13:91-97.

Rowell, J.E., R.A. Pierson, and P.F. Flood. 1993.
Endocrine changes and luteal morphology during pregnancy in muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus).
J. Reproduction and Fertility 99:7-13.

Murphy, S.M., R.G. White, B.A. Kugler, J.A. Kitchens, M.D. Smith, and D.S. Barber. 1993.
Behavioral effects of jet aircraft on caribou in Alaska
(pp. 475-486). In Noise and Man '93. Proc. 6th Intl. Cong. Noise as a Public Health Problem. Nice, France. July 5-9.

Kitchens, J.A., R.G. White, and S. Murphy. 1993.
Predicting energy expenditure of caribou using activity counts: Potential use in disturbance studies.
Rangifer 13:117-119.

Cameron, R.D., W.T. Smith, S.G. Fancy, K.L. Gerhart and R.G. White. 1993.
Calving success of female caribou in relation to body weight.
Can. J. Zool. 71:480-486.

White, R.G. 1992. Nutrition in relation to season, lactation and growth of north temperate deer.
(pp. 407-417). In The Biology of Deer. (R.D. Brown, ed.). Springer-Verlag, New York.

Suttie, J.M., R.G. White, and R.P. Littlejohn. 1992.
Pulsatile growth hormone secretion during the breeding season in male reindeer and its association with hypophagia and weight loss.
Gen. Comp. Endocrin. 85:36-42.

Risenhoover, K.L. and R.G. White. 1992.
Introduction to a workshop: Bioenenergetics and estimation of carrying capacity. In The Biology of Deer.
(R.D. Brown, ed.). Springer-Verlag, New York.

White, R.G. 1991.
Introduction to workshop theme: caribou body composition and breeding biology.
In Butler, C.E. and S.P. Mahoney, eds. Proceedings of the 4th North American Caribou Workshop, St. John's, Newfoundland. Newfoundland and Labrador Wildlife Division: 166-168.

White, R.G. 1991.
Validation and sensitivity analysis of the Porcupine caribou herd model (pp. 334-355).
In Proceeding of the 4th North American Caribou Workshop. Newfoundland Labrador Wildlife Division, Oct. 31-Nov. 3, 1989, St. Johns.

Suttie, J.M., R.G. White, B.H. Breier, and P.D. Gluckman. 1991.
Photoperiod associated changes in insulin-like growth factor 1 in reindeer.
Endocrinology 129:679-682.

Stahmann, J.G.S. 1991.
Shipping reindeer from Brucella suis biovar IV-infected herds; problems and solutions.
In Renecker, L.A. and R.J. Hudson, eds. Wildlife Production: Conservation and sustainable development. Fairbanks: Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, UAF, Fairbanks: 403-406.

Staaland, H. and R.G. White. 1991.
Influence of foraging ecology on alimentary size and function of Svalbard reindeer.
Can. J. Zool. 69:1326-1334.

Russell, D.E., S.G. Fancy, K.R. Whitten, and R.G. White. 1991.
Overwinter survival of orphan caribou, Rangifer tarandus, calves.
Can. Field Naturalist 105:103-105.

Eastland, W.E. and R.G. White. 1991.
Potential effects of global warming on calving caribou (pp460-463).
In Proc. Int'l. Conf. on the Role of Polar Regions in Global Change. (G. Weller, C.L. Wilson, and B.A.B. Severin eds.). Geophysical Institute (UAF) and Cent. for Global Change and Arctic System Research Univ. of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska, USA.

Allaye-Chan, A.C. and R.G. White. 1991. Seasonal and between year variation in body condition in caribou of the Porcupine herd (pp. 103-114). In Proceedings of the 4th North American Caribou Workshop. Newfoundland Labrador Wildlife Division, St. Johns.

Rowell, Janice. 1990.
The Muskox.
In International Studbook For Muskox, Ovibos moschatus. First edition. Ed. B. Holst, Copenhagen Zoo, Denmark

Parker, K.L., R.G. White, M.P. Gillingham, and D.F. Holleman. 1990.
Comparison of energy metabolism in relation to daily activity and milk consumption by caribou and muskox calves.
Can. J. Zool. 68:106-114.

Kokjer, K.J., J.P. Floyd, and R.G. White. 1990.
Distortion correction in open circuit respiration systems.
J. Wildl. Mgmt. 54:291-297.

Klein, D.R. 1990.
Variation in quality of caribou and reindeer forage plants associated with season, plant part, and phenology.
Rangifer, Special Issue No. 3:123-130.

Allaye-Chan, A.C., R.G. White, D.F. Holleman, and D.E. Russell. 1990.
Seasonal concentrations of 137cesium in rumen content, skeletal muscles, and feces of caribou from the Porcupine herd. In Proceedings of the 5th International Reindeer/Caribou Symposium.
Rangifer, Speical Issue No. 3:17-24.

White, R.G., B.A. Tiplady, and P. Groves. 1989.
Qiviut production from muskoxen. Chapter 21, pp 387-400.
In Wildlife Production Systems: economic utilization of wild ungulates (R.J. Hudson, K.R. Drew and L.M. Baskin eds.) Cambridge Univ. Press.

White, R.G., D.F. Holleman, and B.A. Tiplady. 1989.
Seasonal body weight, body condition, and lactational trends in muskoxen.
Can. J. Zool. 67:1125-1133.

Reynolds, P.E. 1989.
An experimental satellite collar for muskoxen.
Can. J. Zool. 67:1122-1124.

Holleman, D.F. and R.G. White. 1989.
Determination of digesta fill and passage rate from nonabsorbed particulate phase markers using the single dosing method.
Can. J. Zool. 67:488-494.

Feist, D.D. and R.G. White. 1989.
Terrestrial mammals in cold, Ch. 9, pp 327-360.
In Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology, V. 24 (L. Wang, ed.). Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg.

Holleman, D.F., R.G. White, and P. Lambert. 1988.
Analytical procedures for estimating milk intake and yield in steady state and non-steady state systems.
J. Dairy Sci. 71:1189-1197.

White, R.G., D.F. Holleman, M.E. Hubbert, and H. Staaland. 1987.
Herbivores in cold climates, pp. 465-486.
In The Nutrition of Herbivores (J.B. Hacker and J.H. Tennouth, eds.). Academic Press, Sydney, Olando.

Klein, D.R., M. Meldgaard, and S.G. Fancy. 1987.
Factors determining leg length in Rangifer tarandus.
J. Mamm. 68:642-655.

Fancy, S.G. and R.G. White. 1987.
Energy expenditures for locomotion by barren-ground caribou.
Can. J. Zool. 65:122-128.

White, R.G. and S.G. Fancy. 1986.
Nutrition and energetics of indigenous northern ungulates.
In Grazing Research at Northern Latitudes (O. Gundmundsson, ed). NATO ASI Series A: Life Sciences Vol. 108:259-270. Plenum Press, New York.

Staaland, H., K. Hove and R.G. White. 1986.
Mineral absorption in relation to nutritional ecology of reindeer.
In Proc. 4th Intl. Reindeer and Caribou Symp. (A. Gunn, F.L. Miller and S. Skjenneberg, eds.). Rangifer. Special Issue No. 1:279-288.

Kokjer, K.J. and R.G. White. 1986.
A simple telemetry system for monitoring chewing activity of reindeer.
J. Wildl. Manage. 50:737-740.

Fancy, S.G. and R.G. White. 1986.
Predicting energy expenditures for activities of caribou from heart rates.
In Proc. 4th Intl. Reindeer and Caribou Symp (A. Gunn, F.L. Miller and S. Skjenneberg, eds.). Rangifer. Special Issue No. 1:123-130.

Fancy, S.G., J.M. Blanchard, D.R. Holleman, K.J. Kokjer, and R.G. White. 1986.
Estimation of CO2 production by caribou and reindeer using doubly labeled water.
Am. J. Physiol. 251:R143-R149.

Price, M.A. and R.G. White. 1985.
Growth and development. Chapter 9. pp. 183-213.
In Bioenergetics of Wild Herbivores (R.J. Hudson and R.G. White, eds..). CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Luick, B.R. and R.G. White. 1985.
Oxygen consumption for locomotion by caribou calves.
J. Wildl. Manage. 50:148-152.

Hudson, R.J. and R.G. White. 1985.
Computer simulation of energy budgets. Chapter 12. pp. 261-290.
In Bioenergetics of Wild Herbivores (R.J. Hudson and R.G. White, eds.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Fancy, S.G. and R.G. White. 1985.
The incremental cost of activity. Chapter 7. pp. 143-159.
In Bioenergetics of Wild Herbivores (R.J. Hudson and R.G. White, eds..). CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Fancy, S.G. and R.G. White. 1985.
Energy expenditure of caribou cratering in snow.
J. Wildl. Manage. 49:987-993.

White, R.G., E. Jacobsen and H. Staaland. 1984.
Secretion and absorption of nutrients in the alimentary tract of reindeer fed lichens or concentrates during the winter.
Can. J. Zool. 62:2364-3376.

White, R.G., D.F. Holleman, C.C. Schwartz, W.L. Regelin and A.W. Franzmann. 1984.
Control of rumen turnover in northern ruminants.
Can. J. Anim. Sci. 64:349-350.

White, R.G. and J.R. Luick. 1984.
Plasticity and constraints in the lactational strategy of reindeer and caribou. pp. 215-232.
In Physiological Strategies in Lactation (Ed. M. Peaker, R.G. Vernon, C.H. Knight). Symp. Zool. Soc. London No. 51, Academic Press.

Staaland, H., Jacobsen, E. and R.G. White. 1984.
The effect of mineral supplements on nutrient concentrations and pool sizes in the alimentary tract of reindeer fed lichens or concentrates during winter.
Can. J. Zool. 62:1232-1241.

Holleman, D.F., R.G. White, K. Frisby, M. Jourdan, P. Henrichsen and P.G. Tallas. 1984.
Food passage rates in captive muskoxen as measured with non-absorbed radiolabeled markers.
In Proc. First Intl. Muskox Symp. (D.R. Klein, R.G. White and S. Keller, eds.). Biol. Papers of the Univ. of Alaska, Spec. Report No. 4:188-192.

Frisby, K., R.G. White and B. Sammons. 1984.
Food conversion efficiency and growth rates of hand-reared muskox calves.
In Proc. First Intl. Muskox Symp. (D.R. Klein, R.G. White and S. Keller, eds.). Biol. Papers of the Univ. of Alaska, Spec. Report No. 4:196-202.

Blix, A.S., H.J. Grav, K.A. Markussen and R.G. White. 1984.
Modes of thermal protection in newborn muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus).
Acta Physiol. Scand. 122:443-453.

White, R.G. 1983.
Foraging patterns and their multiplier effects on productivity of northern ungulates.
Oikos 40:377-384.

Trudell-Moore, J. and R.G. White. 1983.
Physical breakdown of food during eating and rumination in reindeer.
Proc. Third Intl. Reindeer/Caribou symposium. Acta Zool. Fenn. 175:47-49.

Luick, B.R. and R.G. White. 1983.
Indirect calorimetric measurements of the caribou calf.
Proc. Third Intl. Reindeer/Caribou Symp. Acta Zool. Fenn. 175:89-90.

Luick, J.R., B. Sammons, J. Blanchard, P.G. Tallas, B.R. Luick, and R.G. White. 1983.
Biosynthesis of milk lactose by lactating reindeer.
Proc. Third Intl. Reindeer/Caribou Symp. Acta Zool. Fenn. 175:73-74.

Holleman, D.F., R.G. White, and J.R. Luick. 1982.
The application of isotopic water methods for measuring total body water, body composition and body water turnover. pp. 9-32.
In Use of tritiated water in studies of production and adaptation in ruminants. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna.

White, R.G., F.L. Bunnell, E. Gaare, T. Skogland, and B. Hubert. 1981.
Ungulates on arctic ranges. pp. 397-483.
In Tundra Ecosystems: A Comparative Analysis. IBP Vol. 25, 813 pp. (L.C. Bliss, O.W. Heal and J.J. Moore, eds.). Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

Batzli, G.O., R.G. White and F.L. Bunnell. 1981.
Herbivory: a strategy of tundra consumers.
In Tundra Ecosystems: A Comparative Analysis. IBP Vol. 25, 813 pp. (L.C. Bliss, O.W. Heal and J.J. Moore, eds.). Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

Trudell, J., R.G. White, E. Jacobsen, H. Staaland, E. Ekern, and K. Kildemo. 1980.
Comparison of some factors affecting the in vitro digestibility estimate of reindeer forages. pp. 262-273.
In Proc. 2nd Intl. Reindeer and Caribou Symp. (E. Reimers, E. Gaare and S. Skjenneberg, eds.). Directoratet for vilt og ferskvannsfisk, Trondheim, Norway. 799 pp.

Klein, D.R., B. Sveinbjornsson, L. Viereck, and R.G. White. 1980.
Implications of carbon dioxide induced climate change on animal ecology and socioecological consequences in northern ecosystems. pp. 35-37.
In Research Needed to Determine the Present Carbon Balance of Northern Ecosystems and the Potential Effect of Carbon Dioxide Induced Climate Change (Edited and coordinated by P. C. Miller). Workshop report submitted to American Assoc. for the Advancement Sci., 30 June 1980, 44 pp.

Kay, R.N.B., W.V. Engelhardt, and R.G. White. 1980.
The digestive physiology of wild ruminants. pp. 743-761.
In Digestive Physiology and Metabolism in Ruminants. (Y. Ruckebusch and P. Thivend). MTP Press Ltd., International Medical Publishers, Lancaster, England. pp. 854.

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