Resilience and sustainability breakout group
(Modified from Chuck Redman, Amy Duchelle and Clare Aslan’s notes)
Can resilience and adaptive frameworks help create bridges between disciplines?
How to use resilience in management?
Is Resilience Theory (RT) an appropriate framework for sustainability?
[(+) = opportunities for RT in sustainability / (-) = challenges for RT (?) = questions]
(+) Works with coupled SES
(+/-) Is it useful, but not sufficient. Useful for characterizing state of system. Coupled with vulnerability analysis. Vulnerability people think they encompass RT
(+) Incorporates thresholds (?) Do thresholds always exist (a point at which feedback changes)
(-) Need to add values to RT. Sustainability incorporates values.
(-) Need to add ability to enhance change (out of bad system state)
(-) RT lacks measurability
(?) Is social resilience different from ecological resilience?
(+) Analog between social and ecological systems. Institutions may be unique to people (intent), but others see institutions like behavior among some animals. Rules of the game, unit to hold meaning over space and time, or emergent organizations to meet challenge
(+) Experimentation with social systems:
Space for time, comparative
Different reactions in response to disaster
(?) How do we know when a system has changed? A spectrum of degrees of change.
What about changes in subsystems of the system? If subsistence changes is that the system?
(?) Does this lead to coping strategies? Do we want the system to persist?
Matters of scale and what is essential?
(-) Building resilience into a system so that it can adapt to climate change
(?) Would people be more willing to have transformations if there were the possibility of experimenting with various alternatives?
(+) Response diversity, having redundancy in functional groups is adaptive
(+) Creating feedback loops through monitoring, scenarios planning, information flow so people can make their own decisions to change
(?) RT ‘essentializes’ humans. Are we interested in sustaining patterns of behavior or processes?
Holling says that sustainability is the “capacity create, test and maintain adaptability,” but this definition lacks sense of resource loss and social justice.
Is it that economic growth is the demon in sustainability or is it the unintended consequences of new technologies and being locked into them?