The following are the U.S. regulations governing exports that most often apply to universities and researchers. This is NOT an exhaustive list of all U.S. export regulations. Contact the Office of Research Integrity for assistance in determining the applicability of U.S. export regulations to your specific transfer or shipment.
Export Administration Regulations (EAR) (15 CFR Subtitle B Chapter VII parts 730-744). These regulations are administered by the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security. The EAR are the broadest of the U.S. export regulations and cover commodities, information, software and services that are designated as dual-use (having both commercial and military applications). License Information. If you think you have items or information that may fall under the EAR contact the Office of Research Integrity for assistance determining specific licensing and security requirements.
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) (22 CFR parts 120-130). These regulations are administered by the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. The ITAR covers defense articles and services as enumerated in the U.S. Munitions List. If you think you have items or information that may fall under the ITAR contact the Office of Research Integrity for assistance determining specific licensing and security requirements.
Defense articles and services do NOT need to be classified in order to be on the U.S. Munitions List!
Drug Enforcement Agency Regulations (21 CFR parts 1312-1313) govern the importation and exportation of controlled substances, precursors and essential chemicals. These regulations are administered by the Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Agency, Office of Diversion Control. Permit Information. If you are planning to export any controlled substances contact the Office of Research Integrity for assistance determining specific licensing and security requirements.
Fish and Wildlife Regulations (50 CFR part 17 sections 21, 22, 31 & 32 as well as 50 CFR part 23) govern the import, export and re-export of plants and wildlife protected by international treaty and/or domestic statute, this includes products made from protected species. These regulations are administered by the Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS).
- USFWS is the primary protection agency for endangered and threatened plants and animals. Permit Information websites: General, Law Enforcement or Import/Export.
- NMFS is tasked with protection of some species listed in the Endangered Species Act (about 60 of the nearly 1900 currently listed) and for all marine mammals as provided for under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. NMFS maintains a Permits & Authorizations page on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Admistation (NOAA) Fisheries Division website. This site has a useful Pre-Application Guide to helps you determine if you need a permit, and if so, which one.
Note: The UAF Office of Research Integrity (ORI) can help you determine the permit requirements for any planned exports of protected plants, animals, or associated products.
U.S. Department of Agriculture Regulations (7 CFR Subtitle B Chapter 3 Part 353) govern the import and export of live animals, animal products, live plants and plant products. These regulations are administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). General APHIS permit information. Import and Export Information. If you are planning to import or export plants or animals contact the Office of Research Integrity for assistance regarding state and federal requirements. If you are exporting remember there will also be import requirements for the receiving country; these must be addressed prior to shipment in order to prevent delays in customs clearance. This is especially important for exports of live plants or animals.
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS, USDA) uses an electronic permitting system (ePermits). ePermits is a Web-based tool that gives customers the ability to apply for a permit, check its status, and view it online. Many common APHIS import/export permits can be obtained using this system. This will be of particular value for researchers bringing biological samples (blood, serum, milk, tissue), microorganisms and vectors, plant products, and genetically engineered samples into the US . If you expect to apply for permits then ORI recommends that you go through the very simple eAuthentication process so you can obtain level 2 access allowing use of ePermits.