Museum

Taxomonic and Related References Useful for Alaska's Vascular Flora

Listed below are the most frequently used taxonomic references and related aids used at the University of Alaska Museum Herbarium (ALA), Fairbanks. Some are out of print, but most should be available through interlibrary loan systems. Inclusion on this list does not imply this herbarium accepts the taxonomic treatment or nomenclature offered by any particular reference, but all have proven helpful in making determinations and in understanding the diverse flora of our large area. We would be interested in hearing of any additional references you have found useful for our region.

Compiled by Carolyn L. Parker, Research Associate, November 1998 University of Alaska Museum Herbarium (ALA)
907 Yukon Drive, Box 756960
Fairbanks, Alaska, U.S.A. 99775-6960
  • Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Botanical Institute. 1934-1960. Flora of U.S.S.R. Volumes I-XXX. Translation from Russian by Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem.
  • Aiken, S.G., M.J. Dallwitz, C.L. McJannet, and L.L. Consaul. 1997. Fescue Grasses of North America. Interactive Identification and Information Retrieval. Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa. CD-ROM for MS-Windows. [Also on the web]
  • Aiken, S.G. and S.J. Darbyshire. 1990. Fescue Grasses of Canada. Biosystematics Research Centre, Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Publ. 1844/E. 113 pages.
  • Argus, G.W. 1973. The genus Salix in Alaska and the Yukon. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa, Publications in Botany No.2. 279 pages.
  • Ball, P.W. and M. Zoladz. 1994. The taxonomy of Carex petricosa (Cyperaceae) and related species in North America. Rhodora 96(888): 295-310.
  • Barneby, R.C. 1952. A revision of the North American species of Oxytropis DC. Proceedings of the California Academy of Science 27(7): 177-312.
  • Bayer, R.J. 1993. A taxonomic revision of the genus Antennaria (Asteraceae: Inuleae: Gnaphaliinae) of Alaska and Yukon Territory, northwestern North America. Arctic and Alpine Research 25(2): 150-159.
  • Brayshaw, T.C. 1985. Pondweeds and Bur-reeds, and their Relatives, of British Columbia. British Columbia Provincial Museum, No. 26 Occasional Papers Series. 167 pages.
  • Calder, J.A. and R.L. Taylor. 1968. Flora of the Queen Charlotte Islands. Part 1. Systematics of the vascular plants. Research Branch, Canada Department of Agriculture, Monograph No. 4, Part 1. 659 pages.
  • Chinnappa, C.C., and J.K. Morton. 1991. Studies on the Stellaria longipes complex (Caryophyllaceae)-Taxonomy. Rhodora 93: 319-322.
  • Cody, W.J. 1996. Flora of Yukon Territory. NRC Research Press, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa. 643 pages.
  • Cody, W.J. and D.M. Britton. 1989. Ferns and Fern Allies of Canada. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Publ. 1829/E. 430 pages.
  • Cody, W.J., C.E. Kennedy, and B. Bennett. 1998. New records of vascular plants in the Yukon Territory. Canadian Field-Naturalist 112(2): 289-328.
  • Collet, D. 1996. Willows of the Kenai Peninsula. The Kenai Peninsula Botanical Society, Kenai. 24 pages.
  • Douglas, G.W. 1982. The Sunflower Family (Asteraceae) of British Columbia. Volume 1-Senecioneae. Occasional Papers of the British Columbia Provincial Museum. No. 23. British Columbia Provincial Museum, Victoria. 180 pages.
  • Douglas, G.W. 1995. The Sunflower Family (Asteraceae) of British Columbia. Volume 2. Astereae, Anthemideae, Eupatorieae, and Inuleae. Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria. 393 pages.
  • Douglas, G.W., G.B. Straley, D. Meidinger and J. Pojar. 2001. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia, Volume 7 - Monocotyledons (Orchidaceae through Zosteraceae). British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Ministry of Forests. 379 pages.
  • Douglas, G.W., G.B. Straley, D. Meidinger and J. Pojar. 2001. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia, Volume 6 - Monocotyledons (Acoraceae through Najadaceae). British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Ministry of Forests. 361 pages.
  • Douglas, G.W., G.B. Straley, D. Meidinger and J. Pojar. 2000. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia, Volume 5 - Dicotyledons (Salicaceae through Zygophyllaceae) and Pteridophytes. British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Ministry of Forests. 389 pages.
  • Douglas, G.W., G.B. Straley, D. Meidinger and J. Pojar. 1999. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia, Volume 4 - Dicotyledons (Orobanchaceae through Rubiaceae). British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Ministry of Forests. 427 pages.
  • Douglas, G.W., G.B. Straley, D. Meidinger and J. Pojar. 1999. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia, Volume 3 - Dicotyledons (Diapensiaceae through Onagraceae). British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Ministry of Forests. 423 pages.
  • Douglas, G.W., G.B. Straley, D. Meidinger and J. Pojar. 1998. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia, Volume 2 - Dicotyledons (Balsaminaceae through Cucurbitaceae). British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Ministry of Forests. 401 pages.
  • Douglas, G.W., G.B. Straley, D. Meidinger and J. Pojar. 1998. Illustrated Flora of British Columbia. Volume 1 - Gymnosperms and Dicotyledons (Aceraceae through Asteraceae). British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, Ministry of Forests. 436 pages.
  • Downie, S.R. and K.E. Denford. 1986. The taxonomy of Arnica frigida and A. louiseana. Canadian Journal of Botany 64(7): 1355-1372.
  • Eriksen, B. 1997. Morphometric analysis of Alaskan members of the genus Potentilla L. sect. Niveae (Rosaceae). Norwegian Journal of Botany 17: 621-630.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). 2005. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 5, Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York. 656 pages.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). 2003. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 25, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Poaceae, part 2. Oxford University Press, New York. 783 pages.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). 2003. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 4, Magnoliophyta: Caryophyllidae, part 1. Oxford University Press, New York. 559 pages.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). 2002. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 26, Magnoliophyta: Liliidae: Liliales and Orchidales. Oxford University Press, New York. 723 pages.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). 2002. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 23, Magnoliophyta: Commelinidae (in part): Cyperaceae. Oxford University Press, New York. 608 pages.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). 2000. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 22, Magnoliophyta: Alismatidae, Arecidae, Commelinidae (in part), and Zingiberidae. Oxford University Press, New York. 352 pages.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). 1997. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 3, Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Oxford University Press, New York. 590 pages.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (eds.). 1993. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 2, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Oxford University Press, New York. 475 pages.
  • Frederiksen, S. 1978. Festuca brevissima Jurtz. in Alaska. Botaniska Notiser 131: 409-410.
  • Frederiksen, S. 1982. Festuca brachyphylla, F. saximontana and related species in North America. Nordic Journal of Botany 2: 525-536.
  • Frederiksen, S. 1983. Festuca auriculata in North America. Nordic Journal of Botany 3: 629-632.
  • Hitchcock, C.L. and A. Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. An illustrated manual. University of Washington Press, Seattle. 730 pages.
  • Hitchcock, C.L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey, and J.W. Thompson. 1959-1969. Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle. Parts 1-5.
  • HultÚn, E. 1973. Supplement to Flora of Alaska and Neighboring Territories. Botaniska Notiser 126: 459-512.
  • HultÚn, E. 1968. Flora of Alaska and Neighboring Territories. Stanford University Press, Stanford. 1008 pages.
  • HultÚn, E. 1967. Comments on the Flora of Alaska and Yukon. Arkiv for Botanik Ser. 2, 7:1. 147 pages.
  • HultÚn, E. 1966. New species of Arenaria and Draba from Alaska and Yukon. Botaniska Notiser 119: 313-316.
  • HultÚn, E. 1941-1950. Flora of Alaska and Yukon. Lunds University Arsskrift, Lund. Vol. 1-10. 1902 pages
  • HultÚn, E. 1937. Flora of the Aleutian Islands and westernmost Alaska Peninsula with notes on the flora of Commander Islands. Bokforlags Actiebolaget Thule, Stockholm. 397 pages.
  • Kellogg, E.A. 1985. A biosystematic study of the Poa secunda complex. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 66: 201-242.
  • Kelso, S. 1992. Conspectus of the genus Douglasia (Primulaceae) with comments on Douglasia alaskana, an Alaska-Yukon alpine endemic. Canadian Journal of Botany 70(3): 593-596.
  • Kelso, S. 1991. Taxonomy of Primula sections Aleuritia and Armerina in North America. Rhodora 93(873): 67-99.
  • Kelso, S. 1987. Primula tschuktschorum and Primula eximia (Primulaceae section Crystallophlomis): A distylous species and its homostylous derivative from the Bering Strait region, Alaska. Brittonia 39(1): 63-72.
  • Kelso, S., B.A. Yurtsev, and D.F. Murray. 1994. Douglasia beringensis (Primulaceae): a new species from northwestern Alaska. Novon 4: 381-385.
  • Lellinger, D.B. 1985. A field manual of the ferns and fern-allies of the United States and Canada. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 289 pages.
  • Lipkin, R. and D.F. Murray. 1997. Alaska rare plant field guide. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Park Service, Bureau of Land Management, Alaska Natural Heritage Program, and U.S. Forest Service.
  • Luer, C.A. 1975. The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida. New York Botanical Garden, New York. 361 pages.
  • Molau, U. and D.F. Murray. 1996. Taxonomic revision of the Pedicularis sudetica complex (Scrophulariaceae): the Arctic species. Acta Universitatis Upssaliensis Symboiae Botanicae Upssaliensis 31(3): 33-46.
  • Morton, J.K. and R.K. Rabeler. 1989. Biosystematic studies of the Stellaria calycantha (Caryophyllaceae) complex. I. cytology and cytogeography. Canadian Jo urnal of Botany 67(1): 121-127.
  • Mulligan, G.A. 1995. Synopsis of the Genus Arabis (Brassicaceae) in Canada, Alaska and Greenland. Rhodora 97(890): 109-163.
  • Mulligan, G.A. 1976. The genus Draba in Canada and Alaska: Key and summary. Canadian Journal of Botany 54(12): 1386-1393.
  • Mulligan, G.A. 1974. Cytotaxonomic studies of Draba nivalis and its close allies in Canada and Alaska. Canadian Journal of Botany 52(8): 1793-1801.
  • Mulligan, G.A. 1970. Cytotaxonomic studies of Draba glabella and its close allies in Canada and Alaska. Canadian Journal of Botany 48(7): 1431-1437. (There are several additional Mulligan publications in the Canadian Journal of Botany for complexes within the genus Draba. All are useful. These references are listed in Rollins 1993).
  • Murray, D.F. 1970. Carex podocarpa and its allies in North America. Canadian Journal of Botany 48(2): 313-324.
  • Murray, D.F. and R. Lipkin. 1987. Candidate Threatened and Endangered Plants of Alaska. University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks. 76 pages.
  • Packer, J.G. 1972. A taxonomic and phytogeographical review of some arctic and alpine Senecio species. Canadian Journal of Botany 50(3): 507-518.
  • Pavlick, L.E. 1984. Studies on the Festuca ovina complex in the Canadian Cordillera. Canadian Journal of Botany 62(11): 2448-2462.
  • Pojar, J. and A. MacKinnon (eds.). 1994. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Washington, Oregon, British Columbia and Alaska. Lone Pine Publishing, Redmond, Washington. 527 pages.
  • Polunin, N. 1959. Circumpolar Arctic Flora. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 514 pages.
  • Porsild, A.E. 1965. Some new or critical vascular plants of Alaska and Yukon. Canadian Field-Naturalist 79: 79-90.
  • Porsild, A.E. 1963. Stellaria longipes Goldie and its allies in North America. National Museum of Canada Bulletin No. 186: 1-35.
  • Porsild, A.E. and W.J. Cody. 1980. Vascular Plants of Continental Northwest Territories, Canada. National Museum of Canada, Ottawa. 667 pages.
  • Raup, H.M. 1947. The botany of southwestern Mackenzie. Sargentia 6: 1-275.
  • Rollins, R.C. 1993. The Cruciferae of Continental North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford. 976 pages.
  • Rollins, R.C. and E.A. Shaw. 1973. The Genus Lesquerella (Cruciferae) in North America. Harvard University Press, Cambridge. 288 pages.
  • Scoggan, H.J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada. National Museum of Canada, Ottawa. 4 Volumes. 1711 pages.
  • Shetler, S.G. 1982. Variation and evolution of the Nearctic Harebells (Campanula, subsect. Heterophylla). Phanerogamarum Monographiae Tomus XI. J. Cramer (Publisher), Germany. 516 pages.
  • Soreng, R.J. 1985. Poa L. in New Mexico, with a key to middle and southern Rocky Mountain species. Great Basin Naturalist 45(3): 395-422.
  • Standley, L.A. 1985. Systematics of the Acutae Group of Carex (Cyperaceae) in the Pacific Northwest. Systematic Botany Monographs Vol. 7. 106 pages.
  • Taylor, M.C.T. 1970. Pacific Northwest Ferns and Their Allies. University of Toronto Press, Toronto. 247 pages.
  • Tolmachev, A.I. and J.G. Packer (eds). 1996. Flora of the Russian Arctic. Volume II Cyperaceae-Orchidaceae The University of Alberta Press, Edmonton. 233 pages.
  • Tolmachev, A.I. and J.G. Packer (eds). 1995. Flora of the Russian Arctic. Volume I. Polypodiaceae-Gramineae. The University of Alberta Press, Edmonton.330 pages.
  • Tsvelev, N.N. 1983. Grasses of the Soviet Union, Parts 1 and 2. (translated from Russian). Amerind Publishing Co., New Delhi. 1196 pages.
  • Vander Kloet, S.P. 1988. The Genus Vaccinium in North America. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada. Pub. 1828. 201 pages.
  • Viereck, L.A. and E.L. Little, Jr. 1972. Alaska Trees and Shrubs. USDA Forest Service, Agriculture Handbook No. 410. 265 pages.
  • Welsh, S.L. 1974. Anderson's Flora of Alaska and adjacent parts of Canada. Brigham Young University Press, Provo. 724 pages.
  • Welsh, S.L. 1967. Legumes of Alaska II: Oxytropis DC. Iowa State Journal of Science 41(3): 277-303.
  • Welsh, S.L. 1963. Legumes of Alaska: Astragalus L. Iowa State Journal of Science 37: 353-388.
  • Wherry, E.T. 1955. The Genus Phlox. Morris Arboretum Monographs III. Philadelphia. 174 pages.
  • Wiggins, I.L. and J.H. Thomas. 1962. A flora of the Alaska Arctic Slope. Arctic Institute of North America Spec. Publ. No. 4, University of Toronto Press, Toronto. 425 pages.
  • Wolf, S.J. 1989. Arnica griscomii subsp. frigida, a new comination in the Arnica louiseana complex (Asteraceae). Taxon 38: 141-142.
  • Wolf, S.J., J.G. Packer, and K.E. Denford. 1979. The taxonomy of Minuartia rossii (Caryophyllaceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 57(16): 1673-1686.
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