Marketing and Communications

794 University Ave., Suite 237
Fairbanks, AK 99709

P.O. Box 757505
University of Alaska Fairbanks
Fairbanks, AK 99775

Phone: 907-474-6281
Fax: 907-474-6283

Editorial Style Guide: M-Z


A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W| X |Y| Z


master, master's

Do not capitalize unless at the beginning of a sentence. Use an apostrophe when modifying a noun, otherwise use no apostrophe.

She's getting a master of science degree in chemistry.
His master's degree means great job prospects.


Capitalize MAY but not mester. Denotes the weeks between the end of the spring semester and the start of Summer Sessions when students can take intensive courses for credit.

media and medium

Media is plural and takes a plural verb, whereas medium is singular:

The media work hard for their money.
This medium is better than the rest.

Moore-Barlett-Skarland Complex

Hyphenate Moore-Bartlett-Skarland. Capitalize all initial letters, including Complex. Abbreviate to MBS Complex (no hyphens) on second reference.

Mount McKinley

Do not abbreviate Mount. The park is Denali National Park and Preserve.

Mount McKinley is located in Denali National Park and Preserve.

multilevel lounge


No hyphens, all one word.

muskox (singular) and muskoxen (plural)

One word, no space (contrary to Webster's).




Nanook is a derivation of the Inupiaq Eskimo word for polar bear, nanuq. All UAF sports teams are called Alaska Nanooks, (avoid UAF Nanooks). Capitalize. Use singular form as an adjective, plural or singular as a noun.

The Nanook hockey team made the playoffs this year.
The Nanooks won in overtime.
The former Nanook was a first-round NHL draft.

Alaska Nanooks is the official brand of the UAF Department of Athletics and Recreation and its 10 varsity athletic teams. When Alaska Nanooks is used on first reference, Alaska or Nanooks is acceptable on second reference.

Do not use lady when referring to a women's team (e.g., the Lady Nanooks).


Capitalize when referring to Alaska's Indians, Eskimos and Aleuts. Do not capitalize when used in the sense "indigenous to."

Alaska Natives have lived in Alaska a long time.

The report included testimony from Native and non-Native observers.

The spruce tree is native to Alaska, but the chokecherry is not.

noncontiguous state

No hyphen. Refers to Alaska and Hawaii. (Contrary to Stylebook for Alaska.)


non-degree students

Not "non-degree-seeking."

Many non-degree students like to take classes for fun and aren’t interested in earning a degree.

(See also degree students)


No hyphen


Hyphenate. (Contrary to Webster's pattern of not hyphenating non- words.)

north, North, northern, Northern

Do not capitalize when using as a general term.

The snow on the north side of the building was the last to melt.
The house's northern exposure made it harder to sell.

Capitalize when referring to the specific geographic area.

His research was on the mushrooms of the North.
Scientists studying the Northern Hemisphere were at the conference.

northern lights

Do not capitalize.

See also aurora borealis.

Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities

The agency that grants UAF's institutional accreditation. May be referred to as NWCCU on second reference.

numbers, cardinal

For print copy in most instances, spell out one through nine, and use figures (10, 27, 134) thereafter. See AP Stylebook for treatment in other situations. See also ages.

The lab has 12 workstations but only nine microscopes.

When writing for the web, using figures in conjunction with facts is often preferred, even when the number is less than 10, but spell out numbers when not used with specific facts.

UAF's AISES chapter has won the chapter of the year award 5 times.
Students may bring one or two study aids into the testing room.

numbers, ordinal

Do not superscript the st or th designations:

They celebrated their 25th wedding anniversary.



oil pipeline

Don't capitalize:

The trans-Alaska oil pipeline flows south from …

on campus, on-campus

Hyphenate when serving as an adjective describing a noun:

I want to live in on-campus housing.

Do not hyphenate when on serves as a preposition:

I want to live on campus.

NOTE: Same rules apply with off campus and/or off-campus


No hyphen.


Capitalize "Orientation" when referring to any of the programs designed specifically for students and their families. Programs include: New Student Orientation (no hyphen), Family Orientation, Graduate School Orientation (no hyphen), International Orientation and TRANSFERmation.

Wood Center staff members were busy preparing for the many activities associated with Orientation.

Do not capitalize when using the word in a general sense.

Marcy's supervisor gave her a quick orientation around the office and introduced her to her new co-workers.


Patty Center

Do not capitalize gym or pool. The rifle range is the E.F. Horton Rifle Range.


Use numerals and spell out percent:

More than 5 percent of the fish were dead.
Less than 20 percent of the people voted.

Performance Based Budget/Budgeting

No hyphens. Capitalize.



Cellphone, iPhone, smartphone. All one word, no hyphenation. (Note capital "p" in "iPhone.")

photo credits

End all photo credits with a period, regardless of whether the credit is a phrase or a complete sentence.

UAF photo by Todd Paris.

Photos by Marketing and Communications staff and student employees:

UAF photo by Todd Paris.
UAF photo by LJ Evans.

Photos by UAF employees outside MC:

UAF photos by Ned Rozell, Geophysical Institute.

Photos by non-UAF employees, follow the photographer’s name with a comma and affiliation, if any:

Photo by Andy Canton, United Way.

Photos provided by (but not necessarily taken by): Use "courtesy of."

Photo courtesy of U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Photos courtesy of Andy Canton, United Way.

Note: Style may be modified to accommodate photographer's wishes or acknowledgement needs.



Capitalize nouns and adjectives derived from the proper names of planets and other heavenly bodies.

Spirit and Opportunity are two rovers NASA landed on Mars in January 2004 that continue to gather data as they roam the Martian landscape.

Poker Flat Research Range

There is no s on the end of Flat.


One word. Capitalize E and italicize Express.



Police Department

The full name is the University of Alaska Fairbanks Police Department or UAF Police Department (not the University Police Department. Compare with Fire Department.). Capitalize when referring to the UAF department, even when not preceded by UAF. Lowercase when referring to police departments in general.

The UAF Police Deparment is staffed 24 hours per day, every day.
You may call the Police Department to request an escort to your car.
CTC Law Enforcement Academy students are employed by police departments throughout the country.

See also Fire Department.


One word, no hyphen.


One word, no hyphen.



president's professor

Capitalize when used as part of a formal title before the name, otherwise lowercase.

President's Professor Beetle Bailey studies spruce beetles, and Hazy Skye, president's professor of atmospheric sciences, conducts research in the Geophysical Institute.



Capitalize when used as part of a formal title but not in its general sense.

The Marine Advisory Program offers dozens of publications about Alaska’s marine and coastal environments.

Note: Not all programs use the word program in their title, as in the following:

UAF participates in GVEA's Sustainable Natural Alternative Power program.

Academic programs (majors) are not capitalized.

She studied philosophy before switching her major to wildlife biology.


Capitalize when referring to the bar in Wood Center. Do not capitalize a preceding the.



Not Quarternary.

See also geologic ages.


Rasmuson Library

Capitalize when using the full name or shortened version:

The Rasmuson Library is part of the Fine Arts Complex …
The Elmer E. Rasmuson Library is located in the Fine Arts Complex …

Do not capitalize library when not preceded by Rasmuson.

Regents' Great Hall

Official name. Regents' is possessive and plural. Great Hall (initial caps) is also acceptable.


Capitalize when part of a formal name of a room:

The meeting will be in the Wood Center Memorial Conference Room.
The lecture will be in the Globe Room.

Delete when using a numeral and building name.

The group meets in 208 Gruening. (Alt: Gruening 208, or adding Building following the proper name)


Salisbury Theatre

Acceptable variant of Lee H. Salisbury Fine Arts Theatre. Use initial caps in both cases.

Schaible Auditorium


School, schools

Capitalize when part of official title:

The School of Management is in the Bunnell Building.

Preferred house style is not to flip-flop school names (see department), but capitalize if doing so. Lowercase in other instances:

The management school is in the Bunnell Building.
The school renewed its accreditation in 2007.

UAF schools and their abbreviations:

Graduate School (usually not abbreviated)
School of Education (SOE)
School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences (SFOS)
School of Management (SOM)
School of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences (SNRAS)

scientific names


One word.



Do not capitalize:

She caught a cold every winter.
Enrollment was high at the start of the fall 2005 semester.
I hope to graduate in spring 2006.


Italicize the name of the ship, but not the preceding designator (contrary to AP style). Use the pronoun it rather than she.

The Research Vessel Sikuliaq replaces the 40-year-old R/V Alpha Helix.

Signers' Hall

Not Signer's Hall. Signers' Hall is plural since there were many signers of the Alaska constitution in this building.



Hyphenate when used as an adjective modifying a noun.

The 14,000-square-foot building was funded in part by private donations.
The building featured 14,000 square feet of labs and classrooms.

Note exception to the tagline 360+ million-acre classroom (see slogans)



Use the following upper- and lowercase:

Naturally Inspiring
Alaska's Land, Sea and Space Grant institution
UAF is a Land, Sea and Space Grant institution.


One word. Capitalize F.

square foot, square mile, square inch

See size.


See faculty.

state of Alaska

In general, don't capitalize state when used in its geographical sense, but capitalize when referring to it as a political entity.

The state of Alaska is the 49th state in the union.

The State of Alaska issues hunting licenses for hunts conducted in the state of Alaska, but not for hunts conducted in other states or countries.


See AP Stylebook.


Do not use a hyphen and don't capitalize:

The statewide offices are in the Butrovich Building.

Steller's jay, Steller's eider, Steller's sea eagle

Capitalize Steller and spell with an -er, not an -ar.

Steller sea lions

Capitalize Steller and spell with an -er, not an -ar.





One word, no hyphen. Do not capitalize.

Sun Star

UAF's student newspaper. Sun Star is two words, initial caps.

The Sun Star goes on hiatus in the summer.


One word, no hyphen.


telephone numbers

Correct form for on-campus telephones:

Call 7581 for more information.

Correct form for off-campus calling:

Call 474-7581 for more information.

Correct form for off-campus out-of-state calling, as well as all web references:

Call 907-474-7581 for more information.
Call 800-474-1111 for more information.

See also toll free.


Use figures. Use below, not a minus sign, for temperatures below zero:

It was 80 degrees in July and 30 below in October.

Fahrenheit temperatures are assumed and need not be designated as such. See the AP Stylebook for further treatment of Fahrenheit and Celsius.


Use theatre when referring to UAF's department or theater company:

Theatre UAF is the university's student production company.
UAF's theatre department is popular among students.
UAF's Salisbury Theatre is located off the Great Hall.

Use theater when referring to theater in general:

Theaters across the country are …


time of day

For whole number times, use numerals, no :00. If minutes are indicated, include the colon. Separate the time from the a.m./p.m. designation with a space:

The program will start at 9 a.m.
The program will start at noon.
The doors will open promptly at 6:45 p.m.

Use a.m. and p.m., not upper case:

The program will start at 9 a.m.

Use an en dash offset by one space on each side if times are inclusive. Do not repeat a.m. or p.m. if they are the same.

The conference will be held from 9 – 11 a.m.



Capitalize and use quotation marks.
Academic posters, articles, columns in periodicals, exhibits, lectures, songs, unpublished papers

The choir sang "Alaska’s Flag" after the ceremony.
He introduced Bill Robinson’s lecture, "Leading from the Middle."
The museum hosted "The Nature and Art of Collections" exhibit.

Capitalize. Do not italicize or use quotation marks.
Awards, certificates, classes, committees, conferences, conventions, course names, lecture series, prizes, programs (see program), projects, recognitions, scholarships, seminars, websites, workshops

She received the Alaskan of the Year Award.
The student won the John Doe Scholarship.
The department is hosting the Festival of Native Arts.
He was appointed to the 2003 International Resources Committee.
A fourth section of Technical Writing was added after dozens of students expressed an interest in developing their technical writing skills. [Note the difference between capitalizing the formal title of the class and lowercasing its subject.]

Italicize, contrary to AP style.
Books, concerts, magazines, movies, newsletters, newspapers, operas, plays, radio shows, reports, television shows

Newsweek quoted the president as saying …
The Alumni Association publishes The Alumnus four times a year.
The Music Department's concert, A Night in Berlin, featured music by German composers.

(Chicago may offer solutions not found here for further treatment of titles.)
(See Chicago, section 8, for more extension treatment of specific situations.)

See also center, department, seasons and job titles.


toll free

Two words unless modifying a noun.

Students can call toll free anytime.
The toll-free number was inadvertently disconnected.

trademark symbol - (TM) or ™

Do not use in regular copy.

Kirk liked his new UAF sweatshirt, which he often wore with his Levi jeans.
Not: Kirk liked his new UAF™ sweatshirt, which he often wore with his Levi™ jeans.

The trademark symbol is used only on items to be sold or given away as promotional collateral, and applies to the full or abbreviated name of the university and its logos. On commercial or promotional items, use a superscript if possible, otherwise, use parentheses (TM).

Tradition Stone


The Orientation program for transfer students. All caps for "transfer," lowercase thereafter, no space.

Troth Yeddha'

Capitalize. Pronounced trot yet.

The land now occupied by the University of Alaska Fairbanks campus was called Troth Yeddha' (wild potato hill) by the Tanana Athabascans.



Do not use periods between letters. Use only after full name has been used at least once. If possessive, use an apostrophe.

UAF's enrollment is up.

In stories about UAF when it had a different name, it is acceptable to use the then-current name as long as it is clear that the name is obsolete.

Jane Doe has seen many changes at the University of Alaska Fairbanks since she first attended the school, then known as the University of Alaska, in 1940.


One word, UAO all capitalized.

University, university

Capitalize as part of a title:

The Ohio State University campus is …

Lowercase in other instances:

The university campus is …


A Uniform Resource Locator is a web address. In print publications, delete the http:// when there is a www; keep http:// when there is no www. In online or electronic publications, retain any networking protocols (e.g., https, ftp) that are necessary to make a URL work. In email communication, retain http:// to allow readers to link to the referenced web page. It is recommended that URLs have a different font treatment to differentiate them from regular copy.

Visit for more information.

Check your financial aid status online at

If a URL must break across two lines, choose to break at a punctuation point, such as a period or a slash.

For more information about the counseling program visit

URLs that end with a directory (e.g., should have a slash at the end. Do NOT use a slash at the end if the URL ends with a filename (e.g., or if the URL is only the domain name (e.g., URLs that end in /index.html, /index.htm or /index.xml should be shortened to the directory name (e.g., can be changed to


Use periods for abbreviating United States but not USA:

The U.S. is facing a coffee shortage.
Several former Nanook athletes will represent the USA.

Usibelli Awards

The official titles of the awards are: Emil Usibelli Distinguished Teaching Award, Emil Usibelli Distinguished Research Award and Emil Usibelli Distinguished Service Award. May retain initial caps of Usibelli Award on second reference, or when combining the three separate titles for the sake of brevity. Do not capitalize award when used alone.

The university announced the Emil Usibelli Distinguished Teaching, Research and Service Awards today. Yelena Matusevich won the teaching award. The Usibelli Awards are handed out annually in the spring.


vice chancellor

Do not hyphenate.
Capitalize as part of a title:

Vice Chancellor Joe Smith voted to second the motion.

Lowercase in other instances:

Joe Smith, vice chancellor, voted to second the motion.

vita, vitae

Vita is singular and vitae is plural. Use when referring to a biographical sketch, generally in conjunction with curriculum, especially when the information refers to academic history. Curriculum vita is the formal name for an academic's resume, curricula vitae is the plural designation.

Her curriculum vita was outstanding.


Do not capitalize or precede with "the."

Hundreds of passengers were stranded when Redoubt volcano sent out plumes of ash.


waitlist (n.), wait-list (compound modifier and v.)

When used as a noun, one word, no hyphen.

If you are on a waitlist for a class and have kept up with class activity, you may be allowed to register for the class as vacancies occur.

When used as a verb and compound modifier, hyphenate.

Ten students hoped to get into the wait-listed class.
The registrar promised to wait-list all students who wanted to take the class.


When web stands alone, use a lowercased w (contrary to AP style). This is short for the formal name World Wide Web or WWW. Avoid use of the formal name, whenever possible, but if it must be used, the Ws should be upper case.

The student found her grades on the web.


One word, lowercased web.

West Ridge

Two words, initial caps. Refers to western portion of the Fairbanks campus.


Capitalize WINTER but not mester. Denotes the weeks between the end of the fall semester and the beginning of the spring semester when students can take intensive courses for credit.

Wood Center

Officially William R. Wood Center, but Wood Center can be used. Does not need to be preceded by the.


Wood Center Carol Brown Ballroom

Not Wood Center Ballroom.


Wood Center multilevel lounge

Lowercase multilevel and lounge. Do not hyphenate multilevel.

work force

Two words, not one.



No apostrophe:

In the 1960s UAF continued to grow.
Deferred maintenance was an issue during the 1980s – 1990s.

Yupik, Yup'ik

In most cases, use Yupik with no apostrophe. Use Yup'ik when referring to those from Central or YK Delta regions.