Natural Resources Management - NRM

NRM F101 Natural Resources Conservation and Policy

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Conservation of natural resources including history, ecological and social foundations. Examines principles of sustained yield, carrying capacity, supply and demand, and world population growth as applied to agriculture, range, forest, wildlife, fisheries, recreation, minerals and energy management. A wide range of perspectives is presented to help students develop a personal philosophy toward natural resources. Prepare a multiple resource observation plan for an undeveloped area on campus. Optional all-day field trips take place the first two Saturdays of the semester. Prerequisites: Placement in ENGL F111X. (3+0)

NRM F102 Practicum in Natural Resources Management

1-2 Credits


Practical experience in natural resources management. Supervised individual study on a farm, in a greenhouse, managed forest, agency or business, or another approved location. Prerequisites: Natural Resource Management majors only and permission of instructor. (1-2+0)

NRM F106 Orientation to Natural Resource Management

1 Credits
Offered Spring

Overview of career opportunities in natural resources. Includes discussions with research faculty and upper class students involved in various aspects of resource management issues. (1+0)

NRM F161 Wilderness Leadership Education

3 Credits
Offered Summer As Demand Warrants

Introduction to outdoor education. Includes both theoretical and practical exposure to quality judgment and decision-making, environmental education techniques and leadership development in the wilderness setting. Provides detailed exposure to the Wilderness Education Association's 18 essential components of wilderness leadership and backcountry safety. The field portion of the course includes detailed instruction in and mentored experience with modern backcountry travel techniques. Successful completion earns certification in the Wilderness Stewardship Program. Field program requires travel through rough un-trailed terrain with heavy packs and average strength and stamina. No use of alcohol, tobacco, illegal drugs or firearms. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor. Recommended: BIOL F104X, NRM F101 and physical geography. (3+0)

NRM F204 Public Lands Law and Policy

3 Credits
Offered Fairbanks: Spring; Offered Palmer:

Background on selected federal lands management legislation and agency policies affecting resources conservation, development and preservation. Prerequisites: Sophomore class standing. (3+0)

NRM F211 Introduction to Applied Plant Science

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Basic principles and requirements for plant growth and development with special attention to the production and management of field and greenhouse grown crops. (2+3)

NRM F212 Greenhouse Management

3 Credits
Offered Spring

The greenhouse as a controlled environment for research, education and commercial production of plants; the physical environment; environmental controls and monitors; plant cultivation techniques and crop scheduling useful in plant science and commercial production. (3+0)

NRM F215 Plant Propagation

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Principles and practices of plant propagation useful in horticulture, botany, forestry, agronomy, revegetation projects and plant research. Emphasis on both macro- and micro-propagation (tissue culture) of Alaska native plants by seeds, spores and vegetative propagules such as cuttings. Prerequisites: NRM F211 or Intro to Biology or Botany or permission of instructor. (2+3)

NRM F251 Silvics and Dendrology

4 Credits
Offered Spring

Ecological requirements and characteristics of tree species of the Northern forest and western North American forest. Silvical characteristics including range, climate, soils, shade tolerance, growth and principal enemies. Family and species characteristics for identification on sight or with a key. Field trips required. Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F371; or permission of instructor. (3+3)

NRM F277 Introduction to Conservation Biology

3 Credits
Offered Spring

Introduction to the basic ecological, genetic, management, legal and historical developments in conservation biology and focused efforts to manage biological diversity resources, with a status review of important habitats and endangered species. Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X. Cross-listed with BIOL F277. (3+0)

NRM F290 Resource Management Issues at High Latitudes

2 Credits


Broad perspective of high latitude resource management issues. On-site analyses of resource management needs, opportunities and/or conflicts in agriculture, forestry, mining, seafood, petroleum, recreation and tourism. Includes 10 day field trip at the end of spring semester. Students must provide own sleeping gear, rain gear and hiking boots. Students must be able to hike forest trails and camp under conditions of inclement weather. May be repeated for credit with instructor's permission. Special fees apply. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. (2+0)

NRM F300 Internship in Natural Resources Management and Geography

1-3 Credits
Offered As Demand Warrants

Supervised pre-professional experience in a business or agency (public or private). Open to students majoring or minoring in natural resources management and geography only. Course may be repeated for credit up to a maximum of 6 credits. Prerequisites: NRM F101 for natural resources management majors or GEOG F101 for geography majors; junior standing with 3.0 GPA; permission of instructor and an approved internship plan. Cross-listed with GEOG F300. (0+0+3-10)

NRM F303X Environmental Ethics and Actions (h)

3 Credits
Offered Spring

Exploration of the history of modern Western views of the relationship between people and nature, alternative foundations for an environmental ethic (utilitarianism, spiritual activity, rights-based and respect-based ethics) and practices of such ethics in business, profession and general lifestyle today. Prerequisites: Junior standing; placement in ENGL F111X or higher; or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F304 W,O Environmental Decision Making

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Analysis of philosophical/ethical, economic, scientific and political foundations of diverse natural resource management perspectives. Prerequisites: COMM F131X or COMM F141X; NRM F101; junior standing; or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F312 Introduction to Range Management

3 Credits
Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Applied ecological treatment of soil, plant and grazing animal relationships on uncultivated lands. Origin of the discipline, management practices and important rangelands of North America; emphasis on Alaska's rangelands and grazers. Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F239; or permission of instructor. Recommended: NRM F320; NRM F321. (3+0)

NRM F313 Introduction to Plant Pathology

4 Credits
Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Plant pathology; non-parasitic and parasitic causes of plant diseases; methods of plant infestation and mechanism of plant defenses; epidemiology and disease control. Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X. Recommended: BIOL F239. (3+3)

NRM F320 Animal Science

3 Credits
Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Introduction to the various disciplines that form the study of animal science. Topics include animal nutrition, physiology of reproduction and lactation, genetics and animal breeding, animal behavior, environmental physiology, animal health and welfare. Information is presented as it applies to traditional and non-traditional livestock species with emphasis on applications pertinent to Alaska. Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X. (2+3)

NRM F338 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Geographic data concepts including mapping systems, data sources, editing data, GIS analysis and computer mapping. Introduction to global positioning systems. GIS applications in natural resources management. Prerequisites: Knowledge of PCs or Unix workstations desirable. Cross-listed with GEOG F338. (2+3)

NRM F340 Natural Resources Measurement and Inventory

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Techniques and instrumentations used to measure and inventory natural resources, including land, timber, range, wildlife, water and recreation resources. Prerequisites: Junior standing or permission of instructor. (2+3)

NRM F361 Advanced Wilderness Leadership Education

3 Credits
Offered Summer, As Demand Warrants

The natural environment, concentrating on outdoor leadership, environmental ethics, minimum impact camping, forest and arctic natural history, and adaptable judgment and decision-making. Includes hiking through boreal forest and along tundra ridges, river crossing, glacier ascent, and skills to do these activities safely. Other mediums of travel could include sea kayaks, canoes or rock climbing. Three lecture sessions will preview a demanding educational field program of 5-15 days requires travel through rough un-trailed terrain with heavy packs or boats and average strength and stamina. No use of alcohol, tobacco, illegal drugs or firearms. Prerequisites: NRM F101 or equivalent; NRM F161 or equivalent; permission of instructor. Recommended: NRM/GEOG F463 and NRM F465. (3+0)

NRM F365 Principles of Outdoor Recreation Management

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Theories, practices, economics and problems fundamental to the use of land and related natural resources for recreation. The course focuses on human dimension related issues faced by recreation managers and research to address those issues. Prerequisites: NRM F101; STAT F200X. junior standing; or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F369 GIS and Remote Sensing for Natural Resources

3 Credits
Offered Spring Even-Numbered Years

Introduces the principles and terminology of natural resources, ecosystem management and landscape ecology while developing analytical skills using spatial technologies consisting of geographic information systems, remote sensing, and global positioning systems. Prerequisites: NRM F338 Recommended: NRM F312 (1.5+1.5)

NRM F370 Introduction to Watershed Management

3 Credits
Offered Fall

The hydrologic cycle and the influence of land management techniques on water quantity, quality and timing. Water yield, soil erosion and non-point pollution, snowpack management, and land use alternatives. Prerequisites: NRM F101 and GEOS F101X or permission of instructor. (2+3)

NRM F375 Forest Ecology

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Basic forest ecology concepts, including physical (wind, temperature, water, etc.), biotic (population and community dynamics), genetic successional and landscape dynamics. Basic physiological characteristics of trees, succession, vegetation classification, and related concepts. Stand structure, diversity, competition, growth, forest-soil interactions, biomass, nutrient distribution and dynamics, energy relations, ecology of disturbances. How this basic information can be used in development of wise management plans for forest ecosystems. Prerequisites: NRM F251. (3+0)

NRM F380 W Soils and the Environment

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Soil development and classification; physical and chemical properties; biological activity; water movement and nutrient cycling in natural and manipulated ecosystems. Prerequisites: CHEM F105X; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X or permission of instructor. (2+3)

NRM F405 W Senior Thesis in Natural Resources Management I

2 Credits


Problem-solving with emphasis on writing and analysis. Individual project under the guidance of faculty sponsor involving formulation of a question in natural resources management and preparation of a formal, comprehensive written report. Thesis proposal, presentation and research. Prerequisites: ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X; NRM core; junior standing. (2+0)

NRM F406 W Senior Thesis in Natural Resources Management II

2 Credits


Problem-solving with emphasis on writing and analysis. Individual project under the guidance of faculty sponsor involving formulation of a question in natural resources management and preparation of a formal, comprehensive written report. Final thesis and presentation. Prerequisites: NRM F405 and permission of instructor. (2+0)

NRM F407 Environmental Law

3 Credits
Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

The role of common law theory in regulatory, statutory and constitutional interpretation in the field of environmental protection, including air and water pollution, toxic/hazardous substances and land-use regulation. Prerequisites: Junior or senior class standing or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F410 Numerical Methods for Natural Resources Management

4 Credits
Offered Fall

Teaches the most up-to-date numerical methods for natural resources managers and researchers. Labs cover important computer skills to help students excel in modern natural resources management. Recommended: MATH F314 (3+3)

NRM F430 Resource Management Planning

3 Credits
Offered Spring

Application of planning and conflict resolution principles to natural resources management. Examines plans prepared in response to current Alaska resource disputes, including wolf, brown bear, boreal forest and recreation river plans. Includes public involvement, consensus building, the basic steps in the planning process and resource dispute simulations. Review resource management plans and develop plans for a local resource management issue. Prerequisites: Senior standing or permission of instructor. Stacked with NRM F630. (3+0)

NRM F435 GIS Analysis

4 Credits
Offered Spring

GIS analysis of natural resources including spatial query, attribute query, vector, grid, image, topographic and network analysis techniques. Cross-listed with GEOG F435. (3+3)

NRM F440 Silviculture

3 Credits
Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Provides an understanding of the science and art of forest stand management. Silviculture is the theory and practice of controlling forest establishment, composition, structure and growth of forests. For persons in land management, including timber, woodlot, wildlife habitat, streamside and aesthetics. Prerequisites: BIOL F271; NRM F251; junior standing; or permission of instructor. (2+3)

NRM F450 Forest Management

3 Credits
Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Forest land management for production of goods and services; relation of timber production to other forest land uses. Sustained yield, allowable cut, information needs, valuation and decision making. Prerequisites: ECON F235 or equivalent; NRM F251; NRM F340; or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F452 Forest Health and Protection

3 Credits
Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Principles and practical management systems for protecting forests from fire, insects and diseases. Factors in managing forest ecosystems and problems and techniques important in high latitude forests, especially in Alaska. Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F239; BIOL F271; NRM F251; or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F453 Harvesting and Utilization of Forest Products

3 Credits
Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Manual and mechanized timber harvesting systems including timber cutting, yarding and transport processes. Technology of processing wood into various products including lumber, plywood, veneer, pulp and energy. Introduction to supply and demand of forest products from a world, state and local perspective. Labs include visits to local forest products companies, chainsaw safety and wood identification. Prerequisites: NRM F101 or permission of instructor. (2+3)

NRM F454 Comparative Farming and Sustainable Food Systems

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Principles of food systems geography and food security. Cross-cultural examination of dietary traditions, poverty, hunger, equity and food access and distribution. Comparison of multiple varieties and scales of agricultural systems in the context of social, ecological and economic sustainability. Considers Alaskan and other high-latitude food systems, including country food, wild game harvest and rural to urban nutrition transition. Junior standing and ENGL 211X or 213X; or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with GEOG F454 and CCS F454. (3+0)

NRM F461 Interpretive Services

3 Credits
Offered As Demand Warrants

Naturalist and other visitor programs in outdoor recreation areas: philosophy, planning and development of interpretive programs; resources, agencies, users, interpretive media and program evaluation. Prerequisites: Junior standing or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F463 Wilderness Concepts

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Discovery of wilderness concepts, including the history and evolution of wilderness thought, the contemporary meaning of wilderness and survey of economic and noneconomic wilderness values for individuals and society. Cross-listed with GEOG F463. (3+0)

NRM F464 Wilderness Management

3 Credits
Offered Spring

Wilderness ecology and land management practices on lands designated as wilderness. Analysis of visitor management regimes. Both national and international views of wilderness are presented. Prerequisites: A basic course in ecology, resource management, or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with GEOG F464. (3+0)

NRM F465 Survey Research in Natural Resources Management

3 Credits
Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Research methods to support research and planning in recreation and human dimensions of natural resources management. Course topics include quantitative theories and concepts that have been applied to study human dimensions of natural resource management, study design, survey development and administration, sampling and data analysis. Prerequisites: ECON F235 or equivalent; NRM F101; STAT F200X; or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F466 Environmental Soil Chemistry

3 Credits
Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Basic principles of soil chemical processes. Covers soil solution chemistry; precipitation/dissolution and soil colloids; soil solid phase; soil acidity/alkalinity; adsorption and ion exchange; reduction/oxidation reactions; and kinetics of soil chemical processes. In the lab students will operate equipment for soil chemical analysis, experience computer simulation models for soil chemistry and become familiar with the terms and approaches for writing technical reports. Prerequisites: CHEM F105X; CHEM F106X; NRM F380. (2+3)

NRM F470 Terrestrial Carbon Management

3 Credits
Offered Spring

Climate change and its relationship to carbon dynamics have become elements of natural resource management options for land owners within the state and across the country and the globe. The course will present a broad scale description of the direction for forest carbon management and proposed methods for inventorying and documenting carbon dynamics attached to industry and down to the landowner. Prerequisites: BIOL F271 or NRM F375 or permission of instructor (3+0)

NRM F480 Soil Management for Quality and Conservation

3 Credits
Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Managing soil in disturbed and natural ecosystems to reduce soil losses and maintain or improve soil quality. Methods for maintaining soil quality, preserving soil against loss from erosion, remediating contaminated soil and reclaiming degraded soils. Prerequisites: NRM F380. (3+0)

NRM F485 Soil Biology

3 Credits
Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Major groups of organisms in the soil and their interrelationships; the major biological processes which take place in the soil and their significance to soil productivity, plant growth and environmental quality; and methodology for studying soil organisms and soil biological processes. Prerequisites: A course in biology or microbiology and a course in soils or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F488 Land Management of Ecosystems (a)

3 Credits
Offered Spring, As Demand Warrants

Natural resource topics related to the management of the terrestrial environment in regions such as the Pacific Northwest, Hawaii and the circumpolar North. A basic understanding of the ecology of a specific region is presented prior to a spring break field trip designed to give the student a broad understanding of important topics affecting the management of important natural resources in the selected region. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: NRM F211; NRM F277 or BIOL F277 NRM F375 or BIOL F271. Stacked with NRM F688. (3+0+40)

NRM F489 Alaska Soil Geography Field Trip (a)

1 Credits
Offered Summer; As Demand Warrants

Soil geography along ecological transect in selected areas of Alaska. Hands-on experiences on soil morphology and exposure of the relationships between soil genesis and other ecological factors including vegetation, geology, landform, climate and hydrology. Includes discussion of soil classification and land use interpretations. Student must provide their own camp gear, be able to walk on uneven or rocky ground and be physically fit for field work. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: NRM F380, or a course in soils, or permission of instructor. Stacked with NRM F689. (1+0)

NRM F601 Research Methods in Natural Resources Management

2 Credits
Offered Fall

Introduction for graduate students to the research methods employed in the various fields of resource management, including agriculture, forestry, ecology and social sciences. Designed to acquaint students with the relationship between theory and research, the nature of scientific inquiry, approaches to research, the sequence of steps involved in scientific investigation and the presentation of research results. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. (2+0)

NRM F613 Resilience Internship

2 Credits
Offered Fall

Students of the Resilience and Adaptation Program participate in internships to broaden their interdisciplinary training, develop new research tools and build expertise outside their home disciplines. Internships are for eight to ten weeks of full-time commitment and take place during the student's first summer in the program. In the autumn students meet to discuss their internship experiences and make public presentations. Prerequisites: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F667; or ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F668; or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with ANTH F617; BIOL F613; ECON F613. (2+0)

NRM F616 Ecological Background for Resilience and Adaptation

1 Credits
Offered Fall

Provides the ecological background that is necessary for understanding the role of ecology in complex systems involving interactions among biological, economic, and social processes. Designed for incoming students of the Resilience and Adaptation Program (RAP), who have not received training in ecology. Prerequisites: Graduate student enrollment or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with BIOL F616. (1+0)

NRM F630 Resource Management Planning

3 Credits
Offered Spring

Application of planning and conflict resolution principles to natural resources management. Examines plans prepared in response to current Alaska resource disputes, including wolf, brown bear, boreal forest and recreation river plans. Includes public involvement, consensus building, the basic steps in the planning process, and resource dispute simulations. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Stacked with NRM F430. (3+0)

NRM F634 Resource Management in Developing Countries

2 Credits
Offered Spring

Complex relationship between sustainable development and the social, economic and environmental conditions in low income countries of the "Global South." Through lectures, readings, films and structured discussions, we examine major contemporary issues facing low-income societies (e.g. urbanization, migration, agricultural development, deforestation, water shortages, rural poverty, gender and development, environmental degradation and sustainable development). Case study readings will draw upon empirical research from Latin America, Africa and Asia. (2+0)

NRM F637 Evolution of Conservation Concepts and Policy

3 Credits
Offered Spring

Resource policy issues development and implementation including forestry, mining, fisheries, oil, wildlife and other topics as demand warrants. Focus on policy issues involved in management of Alaska's resources. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with ECON F637. (3+0)

NRM F638 GIS Programming

3 Credits
Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

GIS programming for ArcView, Arc/Info and ArcGIS. Programming techniques for customizing GIS, efficient batch processing, and development of custom tools for GIS display and analysis. Prerequisites: NRM F338 or equivalent. (3+0)

NRM F641 Natural Resource Applications of Remote Sensing

4 Credits
Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Application of remote sensing for inventory and analysis of natural resources. Topics include aerial photography applications and digital remote sensing, including image display, rectification, classification and accuracy assessment. Prerequisites: NRM F338 or equivalent. (3+3)

NRM F647 Global to Local Sustainability (a)

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Explores the basic principles that govern resilience and change of ecological and social systems. Principles are applied across a range of scales from local communities to the globe. Working within and across each of these scales, students address the processes that influence ecological, cultural and economic sustainability, with an emphasis on northern examples. Prerequisites: Graduate standing in a natural science, social science, humanities or interdisciplinary program at UAF; and permission of instructor. Cross-listed with ANTH F647; BIOL F647; ECON F647. (3+0)

NRM F649 Integrated Assessment and Adaptive Management

3 Credits
Offered Spring

Interdisciplinary exploration of theoretical and practical considerations of integrated assessment and adaptive management. Concepts important in understanding societal and professional-level decision-making. Students work as individuals and as a team to undertake case studies with relevance to integrated assessment and adaptive management. Collectively, the class builds a portfolio of cases and conducts an integrated assessment. Prerequisites: Graduate student standing in a natural science, social science, humanities or interdisciplinary program at UAF or another university or permission of instructor. The course is designed to fit into the sequence of the Resilience and Adaptation program's core courses. It is open to other graduate students interested in and prepared to conduct interdisciplinary studies relating to sustainability. Recommended: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F647 and ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F667 (previously or concurrently). In case of enrollment limits, priority will be given to graduate students in the Resilience and Adaptation program in order for them to be able to meet their core requirements. Cross-listed with ANTH F649; BIOL F649; ECON F649. (3+0)

NRM F651 Advanced Silviculture

3 Credits
Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Examines biological and environmental aspects of silviculture. Addresses stand manipulation from the "silvicultural system" approach and includes regeneration, vegetation management, stand tending, "harvest" with considerations for biodiversity, "old-growth," wildlife habitat and timber production. Ecological classification, landscape management and pre-harvest silvicultural prescriptions will be addressed. Must be able to participate in one weekend field trip. Prerequisites: Graduate standing and permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F656 Sustainable Livelihoods and Community Well-Being

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Review the basic principles that govern the sustainability of systems and look at the cultural practices and individual behaviors that enhance or degrade sustainable livelihoods and community well-being. Emphasis is on understanding the historical context of ideas about sustainability, on understanding the nature and magnitude of the social, economic and ecological dimensions of contemporary change, and the "best practices" currently in place for communities to respond effectively to change. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with NRM F656 and GEOG F656 (3+0)

NRM F663 Wilderness Concepts

3 Credits
Offered Fall

History and evolution of wilderness thought, the contemporary meaning of wilderness, and survey of economic and noneconomic wilderness values for individuals and society. Cross-listed with GEOG F663. (3+0)

NRM F665 Advanced Outdoor Recreation

3 Credits
Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Evaluation of contemporary outdoor recreation management models and the linkage between management programming and visitor response. Development of a synthesized model and testing with contemporary problems. Prerequisites: Graduate standing. (3+0)

NRM F667 Resilience Seminar I

1 Credits
Offered Fall

Provides a forum for new students of the Resilience and Adaptation graduate program to explore issues of interdisciplinary research that are relevant to sustainability. A considerable portion of the seminar is student-directed, with students assuming leadership in planning seminar activities with the instructor. Prerequisites: Must be enrolled in the Resilience and Adaptation graduate program; or permission of instructor. Recommended: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F647 (taken concurrently). Cross-listed with ANTH F667; BIOL F667; ECON F667. (2+0)

NRM F668 Resilience Seminar II

1 Credits
Offered Spring

Provides a forum for new students of the Resilience and Adaptation graduate program to explore issues of interdisciplinary research that are relevant to sustainability. The seminar provides support to each student planning his/her summer internship and preparing and presenting a thesis research prospectus. Prerequisites: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F647; ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F667; or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with ANTH F668; BIOL F668; ECON F668. (2+0)

NRM F670 Biometeorology

3 Credits
Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Radiation and energy balance relationships for natural and modified surfaces; physical environment in relation to biology and ecology of plants and animals; implications for resource and environmental management. Prerequisites: Biological or physical science background; graduate standing; or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F672 Nutrient Cycling

3 Credits
Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Examination of physical, chemical and biological processes controlling nutrient element recycling, availability and retention in natural and managed ecosystems. Prerequisites: BIOL F271; CHEM F106X; NRM F380; or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F675 Theoretical Forest Ecosystem Science

3 Credits
Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Theoretical concepts of forest ecosystem dynamics including theoretical developments in the description of plant growth, ecosystem productivity, decomposition and plant carbon allocation. Development of a model using the basic theoretical constructs. Prerequisites: Undergraduate major in biological sciences or renewable resources including at least one course in ecology, one approved college-level mathematics course and graduate standing; or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F676 Interdisciplinary Modeling of High Latitude Global Change (a)

4 Credits
Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Introduces students to approaches to modeling how regional and global environmental change influences biological and social systems in high latitudes and how the responses of these systems influence the regional and global functioning of the earth system. Prerequisites: STAT F200X or equivalent; graduate standing; or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with BIOL F676. (3+3)

NRM F685 Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry

3 Credits
Offered As Demand Warrants

Current topics in soil microbiology and biochemistry. Based on readings from the primary literature and discussions in class. Each student will be expected to lead at least one discussion, write a research proposal and present the proposal to class. Prerequisites: At least one course in soil science; one course in microbiology; or permission of instructor. (3+0)

NRM F688 Land Management of Ecosystems

3 Credits
Offered Spring, As Demand Warrants

Natural resource topics related to management of the terrestrial environment in regions such as the Pacific Northwest, Hawaii and the circumpolar North. A basic understanding of the ecology of a specific region is presented prior to a spring break field trip designed to give the student a broad understanding of important topics affecting the management of important natural resources in the selected region. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: NRM F211; NRM F277 or BIOL F277; NRM F375 or BIOL F271. Stacked with NRM F488. (3+0+40)

NRM F689 Alaska Soil Geography Field Trip (a)

1 Credits
Offered Summer As Demand Warrants

Soil geography along an ecological transect in selected areas of Alaska. Hands-on experiences with soil morphology and exploration of the relationships between soil genesis and other ecological factors including vegetation, geology, landform, climate and hydrology. Includes discussion of soil classification and land use interpretations. Students must provide their own camp gear, be able to walk on uneven or rocky ground and be physically fit for field work. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: NRM F380, or a course in soils, or permission of instructor. Stacked with NRM F489. (1+0)

NRM F692 Graduate Seminar

1-3 Credits


Topics in natural resources management and geography explored through readings, student presentations, group discussions and guest speakers. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with GEOG F692. (1-3+0)