Marine Science and Limnology - MSL

MSL F111X The Oceans (n)(a)

4 Credits


Study of the oceans from the broad perspective offered by combining insights from biology, physics, chemistry and geology. Topics include the evolution of the oceans and marine life, forces acting on water and the resulting currents and waves, and relationships between the physics and chemistry of water bodies and their biological productivity. Societal questions related to fisheries management, global climate change and pollution will be discussed. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: Placement in ENGL F111X or higher; placement in DEVM F105 or higher; or permission of instructor. (3+3)

MSL F211 Introduction to Marine Science I

3 Credits
Offered Fall

This is the first part of a two semester sequence in Marine Science: MSL F211, F212, F213 (Lab). This course introduces students to the geology, chemistry and physics of the ocean as well as related topics in the cryosphere and climate. Students will gain a basic understanding of the interconnections between the ocean and atmosphere, and the oceans and the solid earth (the continents and sea floor). Prerequisites: Math F107. May be taken concurrently. (3+0)

MSL F212 Introduction to Marine Science II

3 Credits
Offered spring

This course explores the diversity of marine life, from microbes to mammals, and the interactions of marine organisms with each other and with their environment. Topics include primary productivity, marine food webs, physiological adaptations, and ecology of marine habitats from coastal to deep-sea systems. Students will also be introduced to current topics in marine and fisheries research. Prerequisites: MSL F211 (3+0)

MSL F213L Marine Science Laboratory

1 Credits
Offered spring

Introductory laboratory course designed to accompany MSL F211-F212 series. Laboratory activities will provide students with hands-on experience to cement topics covered in lectures (MSL F211-F212). Activities include exploration of physical and chemical properties of seawater; geologic and biological classification and introduction to tools for oceanographic data visualization. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: MSL F212 or concurrent enrollment (0+3)

MSL F220 Scientific Diving

2 Credits
Offered Spring

Introduction to cold water diving and SCUBA techniques used in the research community. Includes familiarization with Alaska subtidal flora and fauna. Opportunity to work underwater and assist with diving projects conducted by MSL F421 students at the Kasitsna Bay Marine Lab during spring break. Completion of this course will allow students to be eligible to join the UAF (AAUS) dive program and to dive on the UAF sanctioned diving projects and have reciprocity to dive with other universities and other government agencies. Through this course, students also can be certified with a Research Diver Specialty (PADI) and a Dry Suit Specialty (PADI). CPR, First Aid (Red Cross), and Emergency Oxygen Administration (DAN) are offered through this course. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: Basic biology/ecology courses, SCUBA (open water) certification. Special Conditions: Must have current SCUBA physical approved. (1+1+8)

MSL F317 Introduction to Marine Mammal Biology

3 Credits
Offered Spring Even-numbered years

The course will introduce students to the biology and diversity of cetaceans, pinnipeds, sirenians, and other marine mammals. Topics will include evolution, ecology, reproduction, and behavior of marine mammals, their special adaptations, such as diving, osmo- and thermoregulation, and will explore some current conservation and management issues. The course will be structured in a lecture format. Prerequisites: BIOL F116 or MSL F212 or instructor permission. (3+0)

MSL F330 The Dynamic Alaskan Coastline

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Mountains, rivers, glaciers, fjords, estuaries, deltas, tidal zones, sediments, nutrients, elements, habitats, fish. This class will provide an interdisciplinary perspective on the dynamic Alaskan coastal landscape from Glacier Bay to the Arctic. We will delve into the driving geological, geochemical, and oceanographic processes occurring along Alaska's coast and linkages to various marine ecosystems. Students will learn the fundamental physical and geochemical processes in the coastal zone using various locations in Alaska as examples. Field trip required. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: Junior standing; MSL F111X or GEOS F101; CHEM F105X; PHYS F103X or PHYS F211X. (3+0)

MSL F403 Estuaries Oceanography

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Advanced class for Marine Science minors, offering an overview of the oceanography of estuaries. The class involves lectures, reading assignments, reviewing and criticizing scientific literature. Prerequisites: MSL F212, STAT F200X or permission of instructor. (3+0)

MSL F411 Current Topics in Oceanographic Research

3 Credits


Study of research problems from biology, chemistry, geology and physics. Topics include sea floor hydrothermal vents and their indigenous communities, manganese nodules, tsunami prediction, radioisotopes in the sea, Bering Sea productivity and the role of the ocean in global warming due to fossil fuel carbon dioxide. Prerequisites: Four semesters of natural sciences at F100-level or above or permission of instructor. (3+0)

MSL F412 Early Life Histories of Marine Invertebrates

3 Credits
Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

This course will explore the diversity of reproductive strategies and larval forms in marine invertebrates, and consider selective pressures governing the evolution of these forms. Topics include: larval ecology and evolution, environmental constraints on early life histories, reproductive biology, population dynamics, sources of larval mortality, dispersal and recruitment. Graduate standing or instructor permission and invertebrate zoology recommended. Prerequisites: MSL F212 and upper-division standing or permission of instructor. (3+0)

MSL F419 Concepts in Physical Oceanography

3 Credits
Offered Fall Alternate Years.

This course establishes the physical concepts that account for fluid motion of the oceans on our rotating earth. This course will include the role of the Coriolis force, ocean stratification, wind driven and thermohaline circulation, tides and the major ocean gyres and why they are present. The physical forces that influence biological production will be presented. These foundation concepts will be part of a well-rounded undergraduate program in marine science or establish the foundation for graduate students. Prerequisites: MATH F200X (or higher) or PHYS F211X (or higher) or instructor permission. (3+0)

MSL F421 Field Course in Subtidal Studies

2 Credits
Offered Spring

Students will propose a hypothesis and experimentally test it during a one-week field trip to the Kasitsna Bay Lab. Prior to field trip, students will develop a proposal, dive plan and materials list in relation to their project. Undergraduates will present their findings in an oral presentation to the class while graduate students will present theirs in a public seminar and produce a conference-ready poster. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: MSL F420, basic biology/ecology courses, SCUBA (open water) certification. Special Conditions: Must have a current SCUBA physical approved. Stacked with MSL F623. (1+1+8)

MSL F431 Polar Marine Science (a)

3 Credits
Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Physical, biological, chemical and geological oceanography of the polar oceans with emphasis on comparing and contrasting the Arctic and Antarctic. Prerequisites: MSL F111; or graduate standing. (3+0)

MSL F435 Acoustical Oceanography

3 Credits


Principles and applications of underwater sound in solving oceanographic problems related to chemistry, physics, geology and biology, including hydroacoustical methods, acoustical phenomena, bioacoustics and fisheries acoustics, environmental noise and signal processing. Prerequisites: College physics and calculus. (3+0)

MSL F449 Biological Oceanography

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Survey of biological processes emphasizing organic matter synthesis and transfer including topics essential to a basic understanding of contemporary biological oceanography. Primary and secondary production, standing stocks, distribution, and structure and dynamics of phytoplankton and zooplankton populations. The transfer of organic matter to higher trophic levels and food webs. Nutrient cycling, especially but not exclusively nitrogen, phosphorus and silicon, microbiological processes relevant to nutrient cycling. Heterotrophic production, benthic communities, coastal ecosystems, the influence of organisms on the composition of seawater, particularly with reference to oxygen and carbon dioxide regimes. Aspects of regional oceanography. Prerequisites: Upper Division standing in a Science major; MSL F212 for undergraduate students. (3+0)

MSL F450 Marine Biology and Ecology Field Course

4 Credits
Offered Summer Odd-numbered Years; As Demand Warrants

Advanced understanding of marine organisms in an ecological and evolutionary context through field and laboratory work at the Kasitsna Bay Marine Lab. Includes collection of marine macroalgae, invertebrates and plankton and relating their anatomical organization to habitat, lifestyle and ecology. Emphasis on familiarization with Alaska's nearshore flora and fauna, the ecological function of organisms and ecosystem dynamics. Includes employing different field sampling techniques and experimental designs in various habitats found around the Kasitsna Bay Marine Lab, e.g. rocky intertidal, open water, mudflats, seagrass beds and salt marshes. Prerequisites: One year of biology and permission of instructor. Recommended: Basic courses in ecology and invertebrate zoology. Stacked with MSL F651. (3+6)

MSL F456 Kelp Forest Ecology

4 Credits
Offered Summer Even-numbered Years; As Demand Warrants

Introduction to knowledge, hypotheses and disputes regarding components of nearshore tidal communities and the ecological interactions that influence their structure and dynamics. Includes primary published literature in marine subtidal ecology, and local Alaska subtidal flora and fauna. Work underwater conducting ecological research. Includes formulating questions, collecting and analyzing ecological data, report writing and feedback. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: UAF Science Diver certification. Stacked with MSL F656. (28+35)

MSL F463 Chemical Coastal Processes

3 Credits
Offered Spring Even-numbered Years or As Demand

A study of chemical processes in the coastal ocean. This course will examine chemical interactions at different boundaries, and explore physical and biological controls on the chemistry of coastal environments. Some of the topics to be covered include: The role of suspended particles; coastal acidification, photochemical processes; controls on coastal productivity; future challenges in coastal management. This course is intended for students with a background in general chemistry and marine science. Prerequisites: Upper-division standing, CHEM F105X, CHEM F106X and MSL F111X or MSL F211, F212, F213L series; or permission of instructor. Stacked with MSL F663. (3+0)

MSL F467 Introduction to Marine Macroalgae (n)

3 Credits
Offered As Demand Warrants

Introduction to marine macroalgae. Algal structure, function and ecology, basic knowledge of the major phyla, key and press algae, and local Alaska flora. Includes a four to five day field trip to Kasitsna Bay Marine Laboratory. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: Upper-division standing in a natural science for undergraduates or graduate standing. Stacked with MSL F667. (2+3)

MSL F601 Professional Development

1 Credits
Offered Fall

Improve ability to make oral and poster presentations and to write resumes and cover letters. Includes lectures, discussions, and four individual projects. Students are encouraged to use their thesis/dissertation material for the posters and oral presentations. Feedback on all projects will be given by both instructor and students. Recommended: Graduate status. (1+0)

MSL F602 Proposal Writing

1 Credits
Offered Fall; As Demand Warrants

Familiarize students with the proposal writing process. Writing proposals is a common requirement during graduate school and will be continuing during the career as a scientists and researcher. This class aims to cover some common rules about good proposal writing. Students will be required to write a proposal and to give feedback to 1-2 proposals of classmates. Recommended: Graduate status. (1+0)

MSL F604 Modern Applied Statistics for Fisheries

4 Credits
Offered Odd-numbered Years

Covers general statistical approaches to quantitative problems in marine science and fisheries with guidance on how to collect and organize data, how to select appropriate statistical methods and how to communicate results. A variety of advanced statistical methods for analyzing environmental data sets will be illustrated in theory and practice. Prerequisites: STAT F200X; STAT F401; proficiency in computing with R or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with FISH F604. (3+3)

MSL F605 Controversies in Marine Science

1 Credits
Offered Spring Even-Numbered Years

Introduction to the idea that science is fluid and controversies and disagreements do occur. These disagreements are often published in the primary literature. This course will be a discussion/debate of various controversial topics in marine science. Recommended: Graduate status. (1+0)

MSL F610 Marine Biology

3 Credits
Offered Spring

Biology of the major plant and animal groups in the sea and their roles in pelagic and benthic systems. Physical, chemical and geological features affecting marine organisms and the role of bacteria in the sea. The basic biology and adaptations of selected species of zooplankton and nekton. The benthos-shore biota, shelf and deep-sea organisms: basic biology, trophic roles and adaptations of selected species. Prerequisites: Degree in biology or permission of instructor. Recommended: Courses in invertebrate zoology, ichthyology, and vertebrate zoology. (3+0)

MSL F612 Early Life Histories of Marine Invertebrates

3 Credits
Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

This course will explore the diversity of reproductive strategies and larval forms in marine invertebrates, and consider selective pressures governing the evolution of these forms. Topics include: larval ecology and evolution, environmental constraints on early life histories, reproductive biology, population dynamics, sources of larval mortality, dispersal and recruitment. Graduate standing or instructor permission and invertebrate zoology recommended. (3+0)

MSL F615 Physiology of Marine Organisms

3 Credits


A study of the physiological systems of and adaptation to the marine environment, intertidal, pelagic, and deep benthos environment and energy flows will be discussed. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. (3+0)

MSL F619 Biology of Marine Mammals

3 Credits
Offered As Demand Warrants

Introduction to a broad range of research and conservation topics associated with marine mammals. Topics include physiological adaptations, phylogeny and evolution, behavior, ecology, population dynamics and conservation. Prerequisites: Graduate standing; or upper-division ecology and biology courses. (3+0)

MSL F620 Physical Oceanography

4 Credits
Offered Fall

Physical description of the sea, physical properties of seawater, methods and measurements, boundary processes, currents, tides and waves, and regional oceanography. Prerequisites: Math F202X; PHYS F103X or PHYS F211X; science or engineering degree; or permission of instructor. (3+3)

MSL F621 Polar Marine Science (a)

3 Credits
Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Physical, biological, chemical and geological oceanography of the polar oceans with emphasis on comparing and contrasting the Arctic and Antarctic. Prerequisites: MSL F620; or graduate standing. (3+0)

MSL F622 Tides--Their Nature and Impact

3 Credits
Offered Spring, Even-numbered Years.

This course will provide students in marine sciences with in-depth knowledge of tides and the role of tides in the physical, biological, chemical and geological processes in the oceans. We will investigate the importance of tides for the coastal regions of the Bering Sea and North Pacific. We will also cover associated aspects such as tidal currents and their role in transport of sediments, zooplankton and fish larvae, harnessing the tidal power for the generation of electricity, and impact of tides on climate. Prerequisites: MSL F620; MATH F201X; baccalaureate degree in physics, engineering, mathematics or equivalent. (3+0)

MSL F623 Field Course in Subtidal Studies

2 Credits
Offered Spring

Students will propose a hypothesis and experimentally test it during a one-week field trip to the Kasitsna Bay Lab. Prior to field trip, students will develop a proposal, dive plan and materials list in relation to their project. Undergraduates will present their findings in an oral presentation to the class while graduate students will present theirs in a public seminar and produce a conference-ready poster. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: MSL F420; basic biology/ecology courses; SCUBA (open water) certification. Special Conditions: Must have a current SCUBA physical approved. Stacked with MSL F421. (1+1+8)

MSL F624 Oceanic-Atmospheric Gravity Waves

3 Credits
Offered Spring; As Demand Warrants

Introduction to the dynamics of surface and internal gravity waves in non-rotating and rotating fluids including, derivation/solutions of the wave equation, approximations to the governing equations, particle motions and wave energetics, dispersion relationships, phase and group velocities, normal mode and WKB theory, refraction, reflection, critical layer absorption, wave instabilities. Prerequisites: MSL F620; MATH F302; or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with ATM F624. (3+0)

MSL F625 Shipboard Techniques

3 Credits
Offered As Demand Warrants

Introduction to modern oceanographic shipboard sampling and analysis techniques. (2+3)

MSL F626 Continental Shelf Dynamics

3 Credits
Offered As Demand Warrants

Geophysical fluid dynamic fundamentals appropriate to continental shelf circulation. Steady and time-dependent wind and buoyancy-forced flows in the presence of stratification and bathymetry. Prerequisites: MSL F620; MATH F421. (3+0)

MSL F627 Statistical Computing with R

2 Credits
Offered Fall, As Demand Warrants

Using the free, open-source software R to teach computing, programming, and modeling concepts for the statistical computing of fisheries and biological data. Prepares students for other graduate-level, quantitative fisheries courses and covers exploratory statistical and graphical analyses, as well as computer-intensive methods such as bootstrapping and randomization tests. Prerequisites: STAT F200X or equivalent, STAT F401 or equivalent, and proficiency with Excel; or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with FISH F627. (1+3)

MSL F628 Sea Ice Ecology (a)

1 Credits
Offered As Demand Warrants

Provides students with an introduction into the physics, chemistry and biology of Arctic and Antarctic sea ice. Topics will include seasonality of sea ice extent, ice microstructure, diversity and activity of biological communities and impacts of climate change on the ice biota. Recommended: MSL F650. (1+0)

MSL F629 Methods of Numerical Simulation in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics

4 Credits
Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Fundamentals of computer simulation, including time and spatial differencing and stability theory applied to partial differential equations describing dynamic processes in the ocean and atmosphere. Numerical approximation schemes for geophysical fluid dynamics will be analyzed through equations of motion, continuity and transport. Special consideration given to description of frictional processes in turbulent flow and transport/diffusion phenomena. Includes laboratory practice. Prerequisites: MATH F310; MATH F421; MATH F422 or equivalent; baccalaureate degree in physics, engineering, mathematics or equivalent; experience with FORTRAN. (3+3)

MSL F630 Geological Oceanography

3 Credits
Offered Spring

Topography and structure of the ocean floor. Theory of plate tectonics. Geology of ocean basins, continental slope, shelf and coastal environments. Major sediment types and distributions. Sediment transport and deposition. Interaction between seawater, rock, and sediment. Paleoceanography. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Upper-division standing are invited to contact the instructor. (3+0)

MSL F631 Data Analysis in Community Ecology

3 Credits
Offered Spring Odd-numbered years

This course will provide an overview of statistical methods that have been specifically developed to aid our understanding and interpretation of the structure, abundance, and distribution of species and communities in relation to resources and the environment. Prerequisites: STAT F200X; STAT F401 or equivalent; FISH F627 (Statistical Computing with R) or familiarity with R, general ecology, graduate standing in fisheries or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with FISH F631. (3+0)

MSL F632 Oceanographic Data Analysis and Visualization

3 Credits
Offered Alternate Springs

This course introduces students to data analysis and visualization techniques commonly applied to oceanographic datasets. Students will gain a theoretical and practical understanding of propagation of errors, linear least squares regression, and time series analyses such as correlation, coherence and spectral estimation. The course will also cover Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis. A significant portion of the class will be a project that will give students an opportunity to learn a data analysis technique suited to their research. Matlab will be used throughout. Prerequisites: Graduate standing; MATH F202X; MATH F314 or permission of the instructor. (3+0)

MSL F640 Fisheries Oceanography

4 Credits
Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Oceanography of marine processes affecting commercially important fisheries (finfish and shellfish) and species that affect them. Interactions between fisheries resources and physical, biological, geological and chemical oceanography, as well as climatological and meteorological conditions. Topics include recruitment, transport, natural mortality, predator-prey relationships, competition, distribution and abundance. El Nino/La Nina, regime shifts, and climate change. Emphasis on early life history of fishes. Examples from fisheries and ecosystems worldwide are used. Prerequisites: MSL F620; MSL F650; or permission of instructor. Recommended: FISH F400. (4+0)

MSL F650 Biological Oceanography

3 Credits
Offered Fall

Survey of biological processes emphasizing organic matter synthesis and transfer including topics essential to a basic understanding of contemporary biological oceanography. Primary and secondary production, standing stocks, distribution, and structure and dynamics of phytoplankton and zooplankton populations. The transfer of organic matter to higher trophic levels and food webs. Nutrient cycling, especially but not exclusively nitrogen, phosphorus and silicon, microbiological processes relevant to nutrient cycling. Heterotrophic production, benthic communities coastal ecosystems, the influence of organisms on the composition of seawater, particularly with reference to oxygen and carbon dioxide regimes. Aspects of regional oceanography. Prerequisites: Upper-division standing in a science major. (3+0)

MSL F651 Marine Biology and Ecology Field Course (a)

4 Credits
Offered Summer Odd-numbered Years; As Demand Warrants

Advanced understanding of marine organisms in an ecological and evolutionary context through field and laboratory work at the Kasitsna Bay Marine Lab (Kachemak Bay). Includes collection of marine macroalgae, invertebrates and plankton and relating their anatomical organization to habitat, lifestyle and ecology. Emphasis will be on familiarization with Alaska's nearshore flora and fauna, the ecological function of organisms and ecosystem dynamics. Students will employ different field sampling techniques and experimental designs in various habitats found around the Kasitsna Bay Marine Lab, e.g. rocky intertidal, open water, mudflats, seagrass beds, and salt marshes. Graduate students will perform a research project related to the course subject matter. Prerequisites: One year of biology; graduate standing; permission of instructor. Recommended: Basic courses in ecology and invertebrate zoology. Stacked with MSL F450. (3+6)

MSL F652 Marine Ecosystems

3 Credits
Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Understanding ecosystems of the sea in the context of evaluating the impact of human activities. Focus on current concepts, trends and perspectives. Prerequisites: BIOL F472; MSL F620; MSL F650; or permission of instructor. (3+0)

MSL F653J Zooplankton Ecology

3 Credits
Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

Survey of marine zooplankton including processes and variables which influence their production and dynamics. Emphasis on the northeast Pacific ocean zooplankton community. Field and lab methods for sampling include fixing, preserving, subsampling, identifying and quantifying zooplankton collections. Laboratory techniques for culture of zooplankton include physiological measurements of bioenergetic parameters. Course is taught in Juneau. Prerequisites: Invertebrate zoology course, MSL F610, or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with FISH F653J. (3+0)

MSL F654 Benthic Ecology

3 Credits
Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Ecology of marine benthos, from subtidal to hadal zone. Methods of collecting, sorting, narcotizing, preserving and analyzing bethnic assemblages, including video analytical techniques from submersibles and ROVs. Hydrothermal vent and cold seep assemblages. Physiology/energetics of benthic organisms, including animal-sediment relationships, feeding, reproduction and growth. Depth, spatial and latitudinal distribution patterns. Prerequisites: Invertebrate zoology course, marine biology course, or permission of instructor. (3+0)

MSL F654J Benthic Ecology

3 Credits
Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Ecology of marine benthos, from subtidal to hadal zones. Methods of collecting, sorting, narcotizing, preserving and analyzing benthic assemblages, including video analytical techniques from submersibles and ROVs. Hydrothermal vent and cold seep assemblages. Physiology/energetics of benthic organisms, including animal-sediment relationships, feeding, reproduction and growth. Depth, spatial and latitudinal distribution patterns. Prerequisites: Invertebrate zoology course; marine biology course; or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with FISH F654J. (3+0)

MSL F655 Phytoplankton Ecology, from Form to Function

2 Credits
Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Introduction to the diversity and functioning of aquatic (marine and limnic) phytoplankton taxa in a wide sense. Topics will include various adaptations to the environment (life cycles, physiology). Four lab sessions will intensify the understanding of the covered topics and give students hands-on experience in analyzing phytoplankton samples on algal diversity and activity using modern techniques (fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, PAM fluorometry). Recommended: Biological oceanography and/or graduate courses in algal ecology and aquatic ecosystems. (1+2)

MSL F656 Kelp Forest Ecology

4 Credits
Offered Summer Even-numbered Years; As Demand Warrants

Introduction to knowledge, hypotheses and disputes regarding components of nearshore tidal communities and the ecological interactions that influence their structure and dynamics. Includes primary published literature in marine subtidal ecology, and local Alaska subtidal flora and fauna. Work underwater conducting ecological research. Includes formulating questions, collecting and analyzing ecological data, report writing and feedback. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: UAF Science Diver certification. Stacked with MSL F456. (28+35)

MSL F660 Chemical Oceanography

3 Credits
Offered Spring

The chemical, biological and physical processes that determine the distribution of chemical variables in the sea. The distribution of stable and radioisotopes are used to follow complex chemical cycles, with particular emphasis on the cycles of nutrient elements. The chemistry of carbon is considered in detail. Implications of the mid-ocean ridge vent system to ocean chemistry are examined. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with CHEM F660. (3+0)

MSL F661 Stable Isotope Techniques in Environmental Research

3 Credits
Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

An examination of the use of added or naturally occurring isotope tracers in ecological studies. Demonstration of equipment and modern techniques. Prerequisites: MSL F660 or permission of instructor. (3+0)

MSL F663 Chemical Coastal Processes

3 Credits
Offered Spring Even-numbered Years or As Demand

A study of chemical processes in the coastal ocean. This course will examine chemical interactions at different boundaries, and explore physical and biological controls on the chemistry of coastal environments. Some of the topics to be covered include: The role of suspended particles; coastal acidification, photochemical processes; controls on coastal productivity; future challenges in coastal management. This course is intended for students with a background in general chemistry and marine science. Prerequisites: Graduate standing. Stacked with MSL F463. (3+0)

MSL F667 Introduction to Marine Macroalgae

3 Credits
Offered As Demand Warrants

Introduction to marine macroalgae. Includes algal structure, function and ecology, basic knowledge of the major phyla, key and press algae and local Alaska flora. Includes a four to five day field trip to Kasitsna Bay Marine Laboratory. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: Upper-division standing in a natural science for undergraduates or graduate standing. Stacked with MSL F467. (2+3)

MSL F670 Nutrient Dynamics

2 Credits
Offered Fall Odd-numbered Years

The dynamics of nitrogen, phosphorus and silicon cycles of the world oceans and the specific processes which transfer nutrients between ecosystems compartments. Analytical techniques employed in measurement of nutrient transfer rates. Prerequisites: MSL F650 or MSL F660 or permission of instructor. (2+0)

MSL F680 Marine Sustainability Internship

2 Credits
Offered Fall

Internship program in marine ecosystem sustainability to broaden students' interdisciplinary training, develop new research tools, build expertise outside their home discipline, gain exposure to careers, and gain a unique perspective on research problems. Internships are for a minimum of 8 weeks and take place during the summer. In the autumn students report on and meet to discuss their internship experiences. Prerequisites: MSL F652 or permission of instructor. Cross-listed with FISH F680 and ANTH F680. (0+0+5-16)