picture of Howard Feder

Howard Feder

Professor Emeritus

Marine Invertebrates
Marine Biology
c/o Alan MacFarlane
PO Box 3439
Taos, NM 875714
Stanford University
Ph.D. (Marine Biology)
Blanchard, A.L., H.M. Feder, M.K. Hoberg and A.L. Knowlton. 2017. Abiotic/biological interactions in coastal marine communities: Insights from an Alaskan fjord. Estuaries and Coasts. 40(5):1398-1414. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s12237-017-0230-5

Blanchard, A. B., and Feder, H.M. 2014. Interaction of habitat complexity and environmental characteristics with macrobenthic community structure at multiple spatial and temporal scales in the northeastern Chukchi Sea. Deep Sea Research II. 102:132-143.

H. Feder, K. Iken, A. Blanchard, S. Jewett and S. Schonberg. 2011. Benthic food web structure in the southeastern Chukchi Sea: an assessment using (delta)13C and (delta)15N analyses Polar Biology. 34(4):521-532. doi: 10.1007/s00300-010-0906-9 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00300-010-0906-9

A. L. Blanchard, H. M. Feder and M. Hoberg. 2010. Temporal variability of benthic communities in an Alaskan glacial fjord, 1971-2007 Marine Environmental Research. 69(2):95-107. doi: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V7H-4X3DMXD-2/2/346be54a0e6e239139c111c6fc35e911

Feder, H.M., Jewett, S.C. & A. Blanchard. 2007. Southeastern Chukchi Sea (Alaska) macrobenthos Polar Biol. 30:261-275.

Grebmeier, J. M., Cooper, L.W, Feder, H. M. Sirenko, B. I. 2006. Ecosystem dynamics of the Pacific-influenced Northern Bering and Chukchi Seas in the Amerasian Arctic. Progress in Oceanography. 71:331-361.

Feder, H. M., S. C. Jewett and A. Blanchard. 2005. Southeastern Chukchi Sea epibenthos. Polar Biology . 28:402-421.

Feder, H. M., D, Norton. and J. Geller. 2004. A review of apparent late 20th century changes in the presence of mussels (Mytilus trossulus) and macroalgae (Laminaria spp.) in arctic Alaska and of historical evidence used to connect mollusk distribution to climate change. Arctic . 56:391-407.

Blanchard, A. and H. M. Feder. 2003. Adjustment of benthic fauna following sediment disposal at a site with multiple stressors in Port Valdez, Alaska. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 46:1590-1599.

Hoberg, M. K. and H. M. Feder. 2002. The macrobenthos of sites within Prince William Sound, Alaska, prior to the Exxon Valdezoil spill. Int. Rev. Hydrobiol. 87:25-45.

Blanchard, A and H. M. Feder. 2000. Some aspects of the biology of limpets in Port Valdez, Alaska. The Veliger . 43:34-42.

Feder, H. M. and A. Blanchard. 1998. The deep benthos of Prince William Sound, Alaska, sixteen months after the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. Mar. Poll. Bull. . 36:118-130.

Blanchard, A. and H. M. Feder. 1997. Reproductive timing and nutritional storage cycles of Mytilus trossulus Gould, 1850, in Port Valdez, Alaska, site of a marine oil terminal. Veliger. 40:121-130.

Feder, H.M., A.S. Naidu, S.C. Jewett, M.J. Hameedi, W.R. Johnson & T.E. Whitledge. 1994. The Northeastern Chukchi Sea: benthos-environmental interactions Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 111(1&2):171-190.

  • sea star biology
  • arctic benthic systems
Research Overview
My research has examined intertidal and subtidal marine organisms in Alaskan waters. The main thrust of my work has been the investigation of the marine invertebrate fauna of benthic systems in fjords and embayments within Prince William Sound and the subarctic and arctic Alaskan shelf. Although studies mainly considered unstressed systems, several investigations addressed systems stressed by seafood-waste disposal, dredging activity and a major oil spill event. A long-term monitoring program in Port Valdez has assessed the intertidal and subtidal environment in the vicinity of the Marine Terminal of the Trans Alaska Pipeline. Some of my investigations in theArctic focused on benthic environmental-interactions in the Chukchi Sea. Other studies have addressed the food habits of marine invertebrates (e.g., Tanner and king crabs, pandalid shrimps, sea stars), the shell growth and age of bivalve mollusks (i.e., clams, cockles and mussels) and the reproductive and nutritional cycles of mussel in Port Valdez. Collaboration with graduate students resulted in studies on barnacle biology, the distribution, behavior and feeding biology of sea otters in Port Valdez, and the food habits of Pacific walrus. Specific Alaskan investigations were pursued in the Beaufort, Chukchi and Bering Seas and the Gulf of Alaska. Many studies were on the open shelf. However, localized embayments and fjords were also examined (i.e., bays and fjords within the Prince William Sound, Cook Inlet and associated bays, bays of Kodiak and Afognak Islands, Unalaska Bay in the Aleutians and Prudhoe Bay within the Beaufort Sea.
Current Research Projects
  • The Subtidal Benthos in Port Valdez adjacent to the Marine Terminal
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