Management of Invasive Plants and Noxious Weeds
Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR)
Alaska is in the unique position to prevent the introduction and spread of invasive plants and avoid the detrimental impacts experienced in the other 49 states. The most cost effective option, both economically and ecologically, for controlling invasive plant species involves early detection of establishing invasvie plants and a rapid response to their presence.
The overall goal of the National EDRR System for Invasive Plants (FICMNEW) is to minimize the establishment and spread of new species through a coordinated framework of public and private partners and processes.
Five elements of National EDRR System:
• Detection and Reporting
• Identification and Vouchering
• Rapid Assessment
• Rapid Response
In Alaska, EDRR systems are being established and involve many federal, state, and private agencies including USDA APHIS Pest Detection and Management Program, USDA Forest Service, USDI BLM, USDI Fish and Wildlife Service, USDI National Parks Service, Alaska Department of Fish and Game and CWMAs.
Cooperative Weed Management Areas (CWMAs)
CWMAs are a citizen driven model for organizing effective weed management programs at the local level. CWMAs in Alaska follow Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) boundaries. SWCDs cover 100% of privately owned land in Alaska. This system provides a structure for: funding, coordination of education, research, inventorying, monitoring, and on-the ground management of invasive plants. Visit the Alaska Association of Conservation Districts website for more information.
The Center for Invasive Plant Management provides resources and grants.
The Idaho Department of Agriculture/USDA Noxious Weed program contains information for CWMAs including the CWMA Cookbook: a Recipe for Success.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
IPM is a commonsense approach to achieving long-term management of pest problems with minimal impact on human health, the environment and non-target organisms. This approach focuses on the biology of pests and their relationship to the environment. The first step in an IPM program is to identify any organism in question, and to completely investigate the situation. IPM is not a single pest control method but, rather, a series of pest management evaluations, decisions and controls. Strategies for IPM may include the application of physical, cultural, mechanical, biological or chemical controls.