Course descriptions index


Natural Resources Management


NRM F101 Natural Resources Conservation and Policy

3 Credits

Conservation of natural resources including history, ecological and social foundations. Examines principles of sustained yield, carrying capacity, supply and demand, and world population growth as applied to agriculture, range, forest, wildlife, fisheries, recreation, minerals and energy management. A wide range of perspectives is presented to help students develop a personal philosophy toward natural resources. Prepare a multiple resource observation plan for an undeveloped area on campus. Optional all-day field trips take place the first two Saturdays of the semester. Prerequisites: Placement in ENGL F111X. (3+0)


NRM F102 Practicum in Natural Resources Management

1 - 2 Credits

Practical experience in natural resources management. Supervised individual study on a farm, in a greenhouse, managed forest, agency or business, or another approved location. Graded Pass/Fail. Prerequisites: Natural Resource Management majors only and permission of instructor. (1 - 2+0)


NRM F106 Orientation to Natural Resource Management

1 Credit

Overview of career opportunities in natural resources. Includes discussions with research faculty and upper class students involved in various aspects of resource management issues. Graded Pass/Fail. (1+0)


NRM F107 Leaves in Our Lives: Food

1 Credit

Learn to appreciate the plants in your life. For gardeners or anyone who eats plants. Plant biology will be introduced from the ground up and related to plant use by human civilizations, especially as food. This course is taught in Palmer. Recommended: Placement in ENGL F111X. (1+0)


NRM F108 Leaves in Our Lives: Diversity

1 Credit

Learn to appreciate the plants in your life. For gardeners or anyone who eats plants. Plant biology and diversity will be introduced and related to plant use by human civilizations, such as food, wood and medicine. This course is taught in Palmer. (1+0)


NRM F109 Leaves in Our Lives and Fungi

1 Credit

Learn to appreciate the plants in your life. For gardeners or anyone who eats plants. The biology of plants and fungi will be introduced and related to their use by human civilizations as food and drink. This course is taught in Palmer. Recommended: Placement in ENGL F111X. (1+0)


NRM F161 Wilderness Leadership Education

3 Credits

Introduction to outdoor education. Includes both theoretical and practical exposure to quality judgment and decision-making, environmental education techniques and leadership development in the wilderness setting. Provides detailed exposure to the Wilderness Education Association's 18 essential components of wilderness leadership and backcountry safety. The field portion of the course includes detailed instruction in and mentored experience with modern backcountry travel techniques. Successful completion earns certification in the Wilderness Stewardship Program. Field program requires travel through rough un-trailed terrain with heavy packs and average strength and stamina. No use of alcohol, tobacco, illegal drugs or firearms. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor. Recommended: BIOL F104X, NRM F101 and physical geography. (3+0)


NRM F204 Public Lands Law and Policy

3 Credits

Background on selected federal lands management legislation and agency policies affecting resources conservation, development and preservation. (3+0)


NRM F211 Introduction to Applied Plant Science

3 Credits

Basic principles and requirements for plant growth and development with special attention to the production and management of field and greenhouse grown crops. (2+3)


NRM F212 Greenhouse Management

3 Credits

The greenhouse as a controlled environment for research, education and commercial production of plants; the physical environment; environmental controls and monitors; plant cultivation techniques and crop scheduling useful in plant science and commercial production. (3+0)


NRM F215 Plant Propagation

3 Credits

Principles and practices of plant propagation useful in horticulture, botany, forestry, agronomy, revegetation projects and plant research. Emphasis on both macro- and micro-propagation (tissue culture) of Alaska native plants by seeds, spores and vegetative propagules such as cuttings. Prerequisites: NRM F211 or permission of instructor. (2+3)


NRM F251 Silvics and Dendrology

4 Credits

Ecological requirements and characteristics of tree species of the Northern forest and western North American forest. Silvical characteristics including range, climate, soils, shade tolerance, growth and principal enemies. Family and species characteristics for identification on sight or with a key. Field trips required. Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F271; or permission of instructor. (3+3)


NRM F277 Introduction to Conservation Biology

3 Credits     Offered Spring

Introduction to the basic ecological, genetic, management, legal and historical developments in conservation biology and focused efforts to manage biological diversity resources, with a status review of important habitats and endangered species. Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X. (Cross-listed with BIOL F277.) (3+0)


NRM F290 Resource Management Issues at High Latitudes

2 Credits

Broad perspective of high latitude resource management issues. On-site analyses of resource management needs, opportunities and/or conflicts in agriculture, forestry, mining, seafood, petroleum, recreation and tourism. Includes 10 day field trip at the end of spring semester. Students must provide own sleeping gear, rain gear and hiking boots. Students must be able to hike forest trails and camp under conditions of inclement weather. May be repeated for credit with instructor's permission. Special fees apply. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. (2+0)


NRM F300 Internship in Natural Resources Management and Geography

1 - 6 Credits     Offered As Demand Warrants

Supervised pre-professional experience in a business or agency (public or private). Open to students majoring or minoring in natural resources management and geography only. Course may be repeated for credit up to a maximum of 6 credits. Prerequisites: NRM F101 for natural resources management majors or GEOG F101 for geography majors; junior standing with 3.0 GPA; permission of instructor and an approved internship plan. (Cross-listed with GEOG F300.) (1 - 6+0)


NRM F303X Environmental Ethics and Actions (h)

3 Credits

Exploration of the history of modern Western views of the relationship between people and nature, alternative foundations for an environmental ethic (utilitarianism, spiritual activity, rights-based and respect-based ethics) and practices of such ethics in business, profession and general lifestyle today. Prerequisites: Junior standing; placement in ENGL F111X or higher; or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F304O Perspectives in Natural Resources Management

3 Credits     Offered Fall

Analysis of philosophical/ethical, economic, scientific and political foundations of diverse natural resource management perspectives. Prerequisites: COMM F131X or COMM F141X; NRM F101; junior standing; or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F312 Introduction to Range Management

3 Credits     Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Applied ecological treatment of soil, plant and grazing animal relationships on uncultivated lands. Origin of the discipline, management practices and important rangelands of North America; emphasis on Alaska's rangelands and grazers. Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F239; or permission of instructor. Recommended: NRM F320; NRM F321. (3+0)


NRM F313 Introduction to Plant Pathology

4 Credits

Plant pathology; non-parasitic and parasitic causes of plant diseases; methods of plant infestation and mechanism of plant defenses; epidemiology and disease control. Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X. Recommended: BIOL F239. (3+3)


NRM F320 Animal Science

3 Credits

Introduction to the various disciplines that form the study of animal science. Topics include animal nutrition, physiology of reproduction and lactation, genetics and animal breeding, animal behavior, environmental physiology, animal health and welfare. Information is presented as it applies to traditional and non-traditional livestock species with emphasis on applications pertinent to Alaska. Prerequisites: Introductory Biology. (2+3)


NRM F338 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems

3 Credits

Geographic data concepts including mapping systems, data sources, editing data, GIS analysis and computer mapping. Introduction to global positioning systems. GIS applications in natural resources management. Prerequisites: Knowledge of PC's or Unix workstations desirable. (Cross-listed with GEOG F338.) (2+3)


NRM F340 Natural Resources Measurement and Inventory

3 Credits

Techniques and instrumentations used to measure and inventory natural resources, including land, timber, range, wildlife, water and recreation resources. Prerequisites: Junior standing or permission of instructor. (2+3)


NRM F341 GIS Analysis

4 Credits

GIS analysis of natural resources including spatial query, attribute query, vector, grid, image, topographic and network analysis techniques. (Cross-listed with GEOG F341.) (3+3)


NRM F361 Advanced Wilderness Leadership Education

3 Credits     Offered Summer, As Demand Warrants

The natural environment, concentrating on outdoor leadership, environmental ethics, minimum impact camping, forest and arctic natural history, and adaptable judgment and decision-making. Includes hiking through boreal forest and along tundra ridges, river crossing, glacier ascent, and skills to do these activities safety. Other mediums of travel could include sea kayaks, canoes or rock climbing. Three lecture sessions will preview a demanding educational field program of 5 - 15 days requires travel through rough un-trailed terrain with heavy packs or boats and average strength and stamina. No use of alcohol, tobacco, illegal drugs or firearms. Prerequisites: NRM F101 or equivalent; NRM F161 or equivalent; permission of instructor. Recommended: NRM/GEOG F463 and NRM F465. (3+0)


NRM F365W Principles of Outdoor Recreation Management

3 Credits     Offered Fall

Theories, practices, economics and problems fundamental to the use of land and related natural resources for recreation. The course focuses on human dimension related issues faced by recreation managers and research to address those issues. Prerequisites: ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X; NRM F101; junior standing; or permission of instructor. (2+3)


NRM F370 Introduction to Watershed Management

3 Credits

The hydrologic cycle and the influence of land management techniques on water quantity, quality and timing. Water yield, soil erosion and non-point pollution, snowpack management, and land use alternatives. Prerequisites: NRM F101 and GEOS F101X or permission of instructor. (2+3)


NRM F375 Forest Ecology

3 Credits

Basic forest ecology concepts, including physical (wind, temperature, water, etc.), biotic (population and community dynamics), genetic and successional and landscape dynamics and how this basic information can be used in development of wise management plans for forest ecosystems. The laboratory will cover basic principles of measurement of the forest resource and will include field work for the first six weeks followed by laboratory analysis of collected samples and preparation of a detailed report describing the ecology of the measured forest. Due to the short snow-free field season, the first laboratory session will be a full introduction to the field procedures that will be used throughout the first six weeks. Prerequisites: NRM F251. (2+3)


NRM F380W Soils and the Environment

3 Credits

Soil development and classification; physical and chemical properties; biological activity; water movement and nutrient cycling in natural and manipulated ecosystems. Prerequisites: CHEM F105X; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X or permission of instructor. (2+3)


NRM F405W Senior Thesis in Natural Resources Management I

2 Credits

Problem-solving with emphasis on writing and analysis. Individual project under the guidance of faculty sponsor involving formulation of a question in natural resources management and preparation of a formal, comprehensive written report. Thesis proposal, presentation and research. Prerequisites: ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X; NRM core; senior standing; or permission of instructor. (2+0)


NRM F406W Senior Thesis in Natural Resources Management II

2 Credits

Problem-solving with emphasis on writing and analysis. Individual project under the guidance of faculty sponsor involving formulation of a question in natural resources management and preparation of a formal, comprehensive written report. Final thesis and presentation. Prerequisites: ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X or permission of instructor; NRM F405. (2+0)


NRM F407 Environmental Law

3 Credits

The role of common law theory in regulatory, statutory and constitutional interpretation in the field of environmental protection, including air and water pollution, toxic/hazardous substances and land-use regulation. Prerequisites: Junior or senior class standing or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F430 Resource Management Planning

3 Credits

Application of planning and conflict resolution principles to natural resources management. Examines plans prepared in response to current Alaska resource disputes, including wolf, brown bear, boreal forest and recreation river plans. Includes public involvement, consensus building, the basic steps in the planning process and resource dispute simulations. Review resource management plans and develop plans for a local resource management issue. Prerequisites: Senior standing or permission of instructor. (Stacked with NRM F630.) (3+0)


NRM F431 Wildlife Law and Policy

3 Credits

Study of laws and agencies shaping wildlife management in North America. History and current status of major policy issues. Organization of and funding sources for state and federal programs in wildlife conservation. Prerequisites: A 3 credit course in wildlife management principles or permission of instructor. (Cross-listed with WLF F431.) (3+0)


NRM F432 Literature of Science and the Environment (h)

3 Credits

Reading, analysis and discussion of classic and contemporary works in science, natural history and environmental literature. Some semesters all of the readings will follow one theme; other semesters a variety of fiction, poetry, oral tradition and nonfiction will be considered. Readings are selected from a spectrum of opinion on the relationship of people to the natural world and both analytical and creative writing are required. Resource management professionals and students in the sciences and humanities are welcome. May be repeated once for additional credit. Prerequisites: Senior standing or permission of instructor. (Cross-listed with NORS F432. Stacked with NRM F632; NORS F632.) (3+0)


NRM F440W Silviculture

3 Credits     Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Examines biological, environmental and silvicultural considerations essential for successful regeneration and maintenance of boreal and western North American forests. For persons in land management, including timber, woodlot, wildlife habitat, streamside and aesthetics. Provides an understanding of the science and art of forest stand management. Involves considerable critical writing. Field trips required. Prerequisites: BIOL F271; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X; NRM F251; junior standing; or permission of instructor. (2+3)


NRM F450 Forest Management

3 Credits     Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Forest land management for production of goods and services; relation of timber production to other forest land uses. Sustained yield, allowable cut, information needs, valuation and decision making. Prerequisites: ECON F235 or equivalent; NRM F251; NRM F340; or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F452 Forest Health and Protection

3 Credits     Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Principles and practical management systems for protecting forests from fire, insects and diseases. Factors in managing forest ecosystems and problems and techniques important in high latitude forests, especially in Alaska. Prerequisites: BIOL F115X; BIOL F116X; BIOL F239; BIOL F271; NRM F251; or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F453 Harvesting and Utilization of Forest Products

3 Credits

Manual and mechanized timber harvesting systems including timber cutting, yarding and transport processes. Technology of processing wood into various products including lumber, plywood, veneer, pulp and energy. Introduction to supply and demand of forest products from a world, state and local perspective. Labs include visits to local forest products companies, chainsaw safety and wood identification. Prerequisites: NRM F101 or permission of instructor. (2+3)


NRM F459 Boreal Forest Management and Soils

1 Credit     Offered Summer Even-numbered Years; As Demand Warrants

Field trip in the Tanana Valley to focus on forest management and soils. Includes sites from Fairbanks to Northway and south to the Alaska Range. Includes soils of aeolian, glacial, fluvial and residual landforms, supporting conifer, mixed conifer-hardwood and hardwood forests. Includes wildfire sites, young plantations, immature forest stands, mature forest, subalpine and thermokarst sites. Requires appropriate clothing/foot gear; provide own camping gear (sleeping bag, bedroll); able to walk on uneven or rocky ground through brush; physically fit for long days and field work. Graded Pass/Fail. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: Soils course; ecology course; B.S. in Agriculture or Natural Resources; or permission of instructor. (Stacked with NRM F659.) (0.5+0+30)


NRM F461 Interpretive Services

3 Credits

Naturalist and other visitor programs in outdoor recreation areas: philosophy, planning and development of interpretive programs; resources, agencies, users, interpretive media and program evaluation. Prerequisites: Junior standing or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F463 Wilderness Concepts

3 Credits

Discovery of wilderness concepts, including the history and evolution of wilderness thought, the contemporary meaning of wilderness and survey of economic and noneconomic wilderness values for individuals and society. (Cross-listed with GEOG F463. Stacked with GEOG F663; NRM F663.) (3+0)


NRM F464 Wilderness Management

3 Credits

Wilderness ecology and land management practices on lands designated as wilderness. Analysis of visitor management regimes. Both national and international views of wilderness are presented. Prerequisites: A basic course in ecology, resource management, or permission of instructor. (Cross-listed with GEOG F464.) (3+0)


NRM F465 Outdoor Recreation Planning

3 Credits     Offered Spring Even-numbered Years

Outdoor recreation planning frameworks with an emphasis on experience-based management. Research methods to support outdoor recreation planning, including survey design, sampling in different planning situations and data analysis. Prerequisites: ECON F235 or equivalent; NRM F101; or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F466 Environmental Soil Chemistry

3 Credits

Basic principles of soil chemical processes. Covers soil solution chemistry; precipitation/dissolution and soil colloids; soil solid phase; soil acidity/alkalinity; adsorption and ion exchange; reduction/oxidation reactions; and kinetics of soil chemical processes. In the lab students will operate equipment for soil chemical analysis, experience computer simulation models for soil chemistry and become familiar with the terms and approaches for writing technical reports. Prerequisites: CHEM F105X; CHEM F106X; NRM F380. (2+3)


NRM F480 Soil Management for Quality and Conservation

3 Credits

Managing soil in disturbed and natural ecosystems to reduce soil losses and maintain or improve soil quality. Methods for maintaining soil quality, preserving soil against loss from erosion, remediating contaminated soil and reclaiming degraded soils. Prerequisites: NRM F380. (3+0)


NRM F482 Why do Boreal Forests Matter?

1 Credit

Introduction to the importance of boreal forests. Includes presentations by scientists and professionals, readings, and first-hand observations of components and process at work in the forest. Course is for non-forestry professionals and non-forestry majors. (Note: Be prepared for the typical demands of a field situation. Requires walking short distances over rough, uneven and wet terrain. Appropriate clothing is required.) Graded Pass/Fail. (0.5+1)


NRM F485 Soil Biology

3 Credits

Major groups of organisms in the soil and their interrelationships; the major biological processes which take place in the soil and their significance to soil productivity, plant growth and environmental quality; and methodology for studying soil organisms and soil biological processes. Prerequisites: A course in biology or microbiology and a course in soils or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F487W,O Fisheries Management

3 Credits     Offered Spring

Theory and practice of fisheries management, with an emphasis on strategies utilized for the management of freshwater and marine fisheries. Application of quantitative methodologies for the assessment and manipulation of aquatic habitats, sport and commercial fish populations, and stock assessment are considered, as is the setting of appropriate goals and objectives for effective, science-based management. Prerequisites: BIOL F271; COMM F131X or COMM F141X; ENGL F111X; ENGL F211X or ENGL F213X; ENGL F414; FISH F425; FISH F405 or FISH F410; or permission of instructor. (Cross-listed with FISH F487.) (3+0)


NRM F488 Land Management of Ecosystems

3 Credits

Natural resource topics related to the management of the terrestrial environment in regions such as the Pacific Northwest, Hawaii and the circumpolar North. A basic understanding of the ecology of a specific region is presented prior to a spring break field trip designed to give the student a broad understanding of important topics affecting the management of important natural resources in the selected region. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: NRM F211; NRM F277; NRM F375 or BIOL F271. (Stacked with NRM F688.) (3+0+40)


NRM F489 Alaska Soil Geography Field Trip

1 Credit

Soil geography along ecological transect in selected areas of Alaska. Hands-on experiences on soil morphology and exposure of the relationships between soil genesis and other ecological factors including vegetation, geology, landform, climate and hydrology. Includes discussion of soil classification and land use interpretations. Student must provide their own camp gear, be able to walk on uneven or rocky ground and be physically fit for field work. Graded Pass/Fail. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: NRM F380, or a course in soils, or permission of instructor. (Stacked with NRM F689.) (1+0)


NRM F601 Research Methods in Natural Resources Management

2 Credits

Introduction for graduate students to the research methods employed in the various fields of resource management, including agriculture, forestry, ecology and social sciences. Designed to acquaint students with the relationship between theory and research, the nature of scientific inquiry, approaches to research, the sequence of steps involved in scientific investigation and the presentation of research results. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. (2+0)


NRM F613 Resilience Internship

2 Credits

Students of the Resilience and Adaptation Program participate in internships to broaden their interdisciplinary training, develop new research tools and build expertise outside their home disciplines. Internships are for eight to ten weeks of full-time commitment and take place during the student's first summer in the program. In the autumn students meet to discuss their internship experiences and make public presentations. Prerequisites: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F667; or ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F668; or permission of instructor. (Cross-listed with ANTH F617; BIOL F613; ECON F613.) (2+0)


NRM F630 Resource Management Planning

3 Credits

Application of planning and conflict resolution principles to natural resources management. Examines plans prepared in response to current Alaska resource disputes, including wolf, brown bear, boreal forest and recreation river plans. Includes public involvement, consensus building, the basic steps in the planning process, and resource dispute simulations. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. (Stacked with NRM F430.) (3+0)


NRM F631 Resource Planning Practicum

3 Credits

Application of principles and processes through group projects focused on Alaska land or resource problems. Prerequisites: NRM F630 or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F632 Literature of Science and the Environment

3 Credits

Reading, analysis and discussion of classic and contemporary works in science, natural history and environmental literature. Some semesters all of the readings will follow one theme; other semesters a variety of fiction, poetry, oral tradition and nonfiction will be considered. Readings are selected from a spectrum of opinion on the relationship of people to the natural world and both analytical and creative writing are required. Resource management professionals and students in the sciences and humanities are welcome. May be repeated once for additional credit. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. (Cross-listed with NORS F632. Stacked with NORS F432; NRM F432.) (3+0)


NRM F634 Resource Management in Developing Countries

2 Credits

Complex relationship between sustainable development and the social, economic and environmental conditions in low income countries of the "Global South". Through lectures, readings, films and structured discussions, we examine major contemporary issues facing low-income societies (e.g. urbanization, migration, agricultural development, deforestation, water shortages, rural poverty, gender and development, environmental degradation and sustainable development). Case study readings will draw upon empirical research from Latin America, Africa and Asia. (2+0)


NRM F638 GIS Programming

3 Credits

GIS programming for ArcView, Arc/Info and ArcGIS. Programming techniques for customizing GIS, efficient batch processing, and development of custom tools for GIS display and analysis. Prerequisites: NRM F338 or equivalent. (3+0)


NRM F640 Simulation and Modeling in Resource Management

3 Credits

Introduction to and discussion of the use of simulation and modeling in natural resource management. Emphasis on concepts, strategies and case studies. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F641 Natural Resource Applications of Remote Sensing

4 Credits

Application of remote sensing for inventory and analysis of natural resources. Topics include aerial photography applications and digital remote sensing, including image display, rectification, classification and accuracy assessment. Prerequisites: NRM F338 or equivalent. (3+3)


NRM F647 Regional Sustainability

3 Credits

Explores the basic principles that govern resilience and change of ecological and social systems. Principles are applied at the level of populations, communities, regions and the globe. Working within and across each of these scales, students address the processes that influence ecological, cultural and economic sustainability, with an emphasis on Alaskan examples. Prerequisites: Graduate standing in a natural science, social science, humanities or interdisciplinary program at UAF; or permission of instructor. (Cross-listed with ANTH F647; BIOL F647; ECON F647.) (3+0)


NRM F648 Integrative Modeling of Natural and Social Systems

4 Credits

A modeling approach to structuring knowledge from natural and social scientific disciplines so that relevant aspects of a complex societal problem are considered for the purpose of making management and policy decisions. Designed to help graduate students use models to integrate understanding about interactions among natural and social systems for the purpose of managing biological and human resources. Prerequisites: STAT F200X or equivalent; graduate standing in a natural science, social science, humanities or interdisciplinary program at UAF or another university; or permission of instructor. The course is designed to fit into the sequence of the Resilience and Adaptation program's core courses. It is open to other graduate students interested in and prepared to conduct interdisciplinary studies relating to regional sustainability. Recommended: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F647 (previously taken or concurrently). (Cross-listed with ANTH F648; BIOL F648; ECON F648.) (3+3)


NRM F649 Integrated Assessment and Adaptive Management

3 Credits     Offered Spring

Interdisciplinary exploration of theoretical and practical considerations of integrated assessment and adaptive management. Concepts important in understanding societal and professional-level decision-making. Students work as individuals and as a team to undertake case studies with relevance to integrated assessment and adaptive management. Collectively, the class builds a portfolio of cases and conducts an integrated assessment. Prerequisites: Graduate student standing in a natural science, social science, humanities or interdisciplinary program at UAF or another university or permission of instructor. The course is designed to fit into the sequence of the Resilience and Adaptation program's core courses. It is open to other graduate students interested in and prepared to conduct interdisciplinary studies relating to sustainability. Recommended: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F647; ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F648 and ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F667 (previously or concurrently). In case of enrollment limits, priority will be given to graduate students in the Resilience and Adaptation program in order for them to be able to meet their core requirements. (Cross-listed with ANTH F649; BIOL F649; ECON F649.) (3+0)


NRM F651 Advanced Silviculture

3 Credits     Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Examines biological and environmental aspects of silviculture. Addresses stand manipulation from the "silvicultural system" approach and includes regeneration, vegetation management, stand tending, "harvest" with considerations for biodiversity, "old- growth," wildlife habitat and timber production. Ecological classification, landscape management and pre-harvest silvicultural prescriptions will be addressed. Must be able to participate in one weekend field trip. Prerequisites: Graduate standing and permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F659 Boreal Forest Management and Soils

1 Credit

Field trip in the Tanana Valley to focus on forest management and soils. Includes sites from Fairbanks to Northway and south to the Alaska Range. Includes soils of aeolian, glacial, fluvial and residual landforms, supporting conifer, mixed conifer-hardwood and hardwood forests. Includes wildfire sites, young plantations, immature forest stands, mature forest, subalpine and thermokarst sites. Requires appropriate clothing/foot gear; provide own camping gear (sleeping bag, bedroll); able to walk on uneven or rocky ground through brush; physically fit for long days of field work. Graded Pass/Fail. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: Soils course; ecology course; B.S. degree in Agriculture or Natural Resources; or permission of instructor. (Stacked with NRM F459.) (0.5+0+30)


NRM F663 Wilderness Concepts

3 Credits

History and evolution of wilderness thought, the contemporary meaning of wilderness, and survey of economic and noneconomic wilderness values for individuals and society. (Cross-listed with GEOG F663. Stacked with NRM F463; GEOG F463.) (3+0)


NRM F665 Advanced Outdoor Recreation

3 Credits

Evaluation of contemporary outdoor recreation management models and the linkage between management programming and visitor response. Development of a synthesized model and testing with contemporary problems. Prerequisites: Graduate standing. (3+0)


NRM F667 Resilience Seminar I

1 Credit

Provides a forum for new students of the Resilience and Adaptation graduate program to explore issues of interdisciplinary research that are relevant to sustainability. A considerable portion of the seminar is student-directed, with students assuming leadership in planning seminar activities with the instructor. Graded Pass/Fail. Prerequisites: Must be enrolled in the Resilience and Adaptation graduate program; or permission of instructor. Recommended: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F647 (taken concurrently). (Cross-listed with ANTH F667; BIOL F667; ECON F667.) (2+0)


NRM F668 Resilience Seminar II

1 Credit     Offered Spring

Provides a forum for new students of the Resilience and Adaptation graduate program to explore issues of interdisciplinary research that are relevant to sustainability. The seminar provides support to each student planning his/her summer internship and preparing and presenting a thesis research prospectus. Graded Pass/Fail. Prerequisites: ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F647; ANTH/BIOL/ECON/NRM F667; or permission of instructor. (Cross-listed with ANTH F668; BIOL F668; ECON F668.) (2+0)


NRM F670 Biometeorology

3 Credits

Radiation and energy balance relationships for natural and modified surfaces; physical environment in relation to biology and ecology of plants and animals; implications for resource and environmental management. Prerequisites: Biological or physical science background; graduate standing; or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F672 Nutrient Cycling

3 Credits     Offered Spring Odd-numbered Years

Examination of physical, chemical and biological processes controlling nutrient element recycling, availability and retention in natural and managed ecosystems. Prerequisites: BIOL F271; CHEM F106X; NRM F380; or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F675 Theoretical Forest Ecosystem Science

3 Credits

Theoretical concepts of forest ecosystem dynamics including theoretical developments in the description of plant growth, ecosystem productivity, decomposition and plant carbon allocation. Development of a model using the basic theoretical constructs. Prerequisites: Undergraduate major in biological sciences or renewable resources including at least one course in ecology, one approved college-level mathematics course and graduate standing; or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F676 Interdisciplinary Modeling of High Latitude Global Change

4 Credits     Offered Fall Even-numbered Years

Introduces students to approaches to modeling how regional and global environmental change influences biological and social systems in high latitudes and how the responses of these systems influence the regional and global functioning of the earth system. Prerequisites: STAT F200X or equivalent; graduate standing; or permission of instructor. (Cross-listed with BIOL F676.) (3+3)


NRM F678 Ecosystem Management

3 Credits

Current concepts being debated and used to manage renewable resources. Through reading, discussion and written exercises, students will develop understanding and applications of the concept as well as draft definitions. Prerequisites: B.S./B.A. with basic biology, wildlife, natural resources, forestry background, or demonstrated knowledge; seniors with permission of instructor only; public with knowledge/experience only; permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F685 Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry

3 Credits

Current topics in soil microbiology and biochemistry. Based on readings from the primary literature and discussions in class. Each student will be expected to lead at least one discussion, write a research proposal and present the proposal to class. Prerequisites: At least one course in soil science; one course in microbiology; or permission of instructor. (3+0)


NRM F688 Land Management of Ecosystems

3 Credits     Offered Spring

Natural resource topics related to management of the terrestrial environment in regions such as the Pacific Northwest, Hawaii and the circumpolar North. A basic understanding of the ecology of a specific region is presented prior to a spring break field trip designed to give the student a broad understanding of important topics affecting the management of important natural resources in the selected region. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: NRM F211; NRM F277; NRM F375 or BIOL F271. (Stacked with NRM F488.) (3+0+40)


NRM F689 Alaska Soil Geography Field Trip

1 Credit

Soil geography along an ecological transect in selected areas of Alaska. Hands-on experiences with soil morphology and exploration of the relationships between soil genesis and other ecological factors including vegetation, geology, landform, climate and hydrology. Includes discussion of soil classification and land use interpretations. Students must provide their own camp gear, be able to walk on uneven or rocky ground and be physically fit for field work. Graded Pass/Fail. Special fees apply. Prerequisites: NRM F380, or a course in soils, or permission of instructor. (Stacked with NRM F489.) (1+0)


NRM F692 Graduate Seminar

1 - 3 Credits

Topics in natural resources management explored through readings, student presentations, group discussions and guest speakers. Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. (0+0+1 - 3)


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