2004-2005 UAF Catalog  

Degrees and Program Index


Natural Resources Management

NRM 101 3 Credits
Natural Resources Conservation and Policy
Conservation of natural resources including history, ecological and social foundations. Examines principles of sustained yield, carrying capacity, supply and demand, and world population growth as applied to agriculture, range, forest, wildlife, fisheries, recreation, minerals and energy management. A wide range of perspectives is presented to help students develop a personal philosophy toward natural resources. Prepare a multiple resource observation plan for an undeveloped area on campus. Optional all-day field trips take place the first two Saturdays of the semester. (Prerequisite: Placement in ENGL 111X.) (3 + 0) Offered Fall


NRM 102 1–2 Credits
Practicum in Natural Resources Management
Practical experience in natural resources management. Supervised individual study on a farm, in a greenhouse, managed forest, agency or business, or another approved location. (Prerequisites: Natural Resource Management majors only and permission of instructor.)


NRM 106 1 Credit
Orientation to Natural Resource Management
Overview of career opportunities in natural resources. Includes discussions with research faculty and upper class students involved in various aspects of resource management issues. (1 + 0) Offered Spring


NRM 107 1 Credit
Leaves in Our Lives: Food
Learn to appreciate the plants in your life. This is an elective course with friendly format for gardeners or anyone who eats plants. Plant biology will be introduced from the ground up and related to plant use by human civilizations, especially as food. (Recommended: Placement in ENGL 111X.) (1 + 0) Offered Palmer: Spring, As Demand Warrants


NRM 108 1 Credit
Leaves in Our Lives: Diversity
Learn to appreciate the plants in your life. This is an elective course with friendly format for gardeners or anyone who eats plants. Plant biology and diversity will be introduced and related to plant use by human civilizations, such as food, wood and medicine. (1 + 0) Offered Palmer: Spring, As Demand Warrants


NRM 109 1 Credit
Leaves in Our Lives, and Fungi
Learn to appreciate the plants in your life. This is an elective course with friendly format for gardeners or anyone who eats plants. The biology of plants and fungi will be introduced and related to their use by human civilizations as food and drink. (1 + 0) Offered Palmer: Spring, As Demand Warrants


NRM 153 1 Credit
Chainsaw and Forest Equipment Use
Introduction to safe and proper use and maintenance of field equipment. Includes chainsaws, bush saws, axes, increment borers, lasers, GPS units and other hand held equipment. Chainsaw portion includes safety, protective clothing, maintenance (break down, chain sharpening, operation), felling and bucking techniques. Graded pass/fail.


NRM 161 3 Credits
Wilderness Leadership Education
Introduction to outdoor education. Includes both theoretical and practical exposure to quality judgment and decision-making, environmental education techniques, and leadership development in the wilderness setting. Provides detailed exposure to the Wilderness Education Association’s 18 essential components of wilderness leadership and backcountry safety. The field portion of the course includes detailed instruction in and mentored experience with modern backcountry travel techniques. Successful completion earns certification in the Wilderness Stewardship Program. This demanding educational field program requires travel through rough un-trailed terrain with heavy packs (one-third of body weight) and average strength and stamina. No use of alcohol, tobacco, illegal drugs or firearms. (Prerequisites: Permission of instructor. Recommended: BIOL 104, NRM 101 and physical geography.) Offered Summer, As Demand Warrants


NRM 204 3 Credits
Public Lands Law and Policy
Background on selected federal lands management legislation and agency policies affecting resources conservation, development and preservation. (3 + 0) Offered Spring


NRM 211 3 Credits
Introduction to Applied Plant Science
Basic principles and requirements for plant growth and development with special attention to the production and management of field and greenhouse grown crops. (2 + 3) Offered Fall


NRM 212 3 Credits
Greenhouse Management
The greenhouse as a controlled environment for research, education and commercial production of plants; the physical environment; environmental controls and monitors; plant cultivation techniques and crop scheduling useful in plant science and commercial production. (Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered Spring


NRM 215 3 Credits
Plant Propagation
Principles and practices of plant propagation useful in horticulture, botany, forestry, agronomy, revegetation projects and plant research. Emphasis on both macro- and micropropagation (tissue culture) of Alaska native plants by seeds, spores and vegetative propagules such as cuttings. (Prerequisite: NRM 211 or permission of instructor.) (2 + 3) Offered Fall


NRM 251 4 Credits
Silvics and Dendrology
Addresses ecological requirements and characteristics of tree species of the Northern Forest and western North American forest; silvical characteristics including range, climate, soils, shade tolerance, growth and principal enemies. Family and species characteristics for identification on sight or with a key. Field trips required. (Prerequisites: BIOL 105X, 106 and 271 or permission of instructor.) (3 + 3) Offered Spring


NRM 277 3 Credits
Introduction to Conservation Biology
(Cross-listed with BIOL 277)
Introduction to the basic ecological, genetic, management, legal and historical developments in conservation biology and focused efforts to manage biological diversity resources, with a status review of important habitats and endangered species. (Prerequisites: BIOL 105X, 106X. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 290 2 Credits
Resource Management Issues at High Latitudes
Broad perspective of high latitude resource management issues. On-site analyses of resource management needs, opportunities and/or conflicts in the industries of: agriculture, forestry, mining, seafood, petroleum, recreation and tourism. Includes 10 day field trip. Students must provide own sleeping gear, rain gear and hiking boots. Students must be able to hike forest trails and camp under conditions of inclement weather. May be repeated for credit with instructor’s permission. Materials fee: $175.00. (Prerequisites: Permission of instructor.)


NRM 300 1–6 Credits
Internship in Natural Resources Management
Supervised pre-professional experience in a business or agency (public or private). Open to students majoring or minoring in natural resources management only. Course may be repeated for credit up to a maximum of 6 credits. (Prerequisites: NRM 101, junior standing, 3.0 GPA, permission of instructor, and an approved internship plan.) Offered As Demand Warrants


NRM 303X 3 Credits
Environmental Ethics and Actions (h)
Exploration of the history of modern Western views of the relationship between people and nature, alternative foundations for an environmental ethic (utilitarianism, spiritual activity, rights-based and respect-based ethics) and practices of such ethics in business, profession and general lifestyle today. (Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered Spring


NRM 304O 3 Credits
Perspectives in Natural Resources Management
Analysis of philosophical/ethical, economic, scientific and political foundations of diverse natural resource management perspectives. (Prerequisites: NRM 101, COMM 131X or 141X, junior standing or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered Fall


NRM 312 3 Credits
Introduction to Range Management
Applied ecological treatment of soil, plant and grazing animal relationships on uncultivated lands. Origin of the discipline, management practices, important rangelands of North America; emphasis on Alaska’s rangelands and grazers. (Prerequisites: BIOL 105X, 106X, BIOL 239 or permission of instructor; NRM 320, 321 recommended. Next offered: 2004-05.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Fall
NRM 313 4 Credits
Introduction to Plant Pathology
Plant pathology; non-parasitic and parasitic causes of plant diseases; methods of plant infestation and mechanism of plant defenses; epidemiology and disease control. (Prerequisites: BIOL 105X, 106X; BIOL 239 recommended. Next offered: 2004-05.) (3 + 3) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 320 3 Credits
Animal Science
Introduction to the various disciplines that form the study of Animal Science. Topics include animal nutrition, physiology of reproduction and lactation, genetics and animal breeding, animal behavior, environmental physiology, animal health and welfare. Information is presented as it applies to traditional and non-traditional livestock species with emphasis on applications pertinent to Alaska. (Prerequisite: Introductory Biology. Next offered: 2004-05.) (2 + 3) Offered Alternate Fall


NRM 338 3 Credits
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
(Cross-listed with GEOG 338)
Geographic data concepts including mapping systems, data sources, editing data, GIS analysis and computer mapping. Introduction to Global Positioning Systems. GIS applications in natural resources management. (Prerequisite: Knowledge of PC’s or unix workstations desirable.) (2 + 3) Offered Fall


NRM 340 3 Credits
Natural Resources Measurement and Inventory
Techniques and instrumentations used to measure and inventory natural resources, including land, timber, range, wildlife, water and recreation resources. (Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of instructor.) (2 + 3) Offered Fall


NRM 341 4 Credits
GIS Analysis
(Cross-listed with GEOG 341)
GIS analysis of natural resources including spatial query, attribute query, vector, grid, image, topographic and network analysis techniques. (3 + 3) Offered Spring


NRM 351 3 Credits
Silviculture for Wildlife Managers
Examines the biological, environmental and silvicultural concepts essential for successful manipulation of forest, woodland and shrubland vegetation for wildlife and fish habitat. Emphasis on temperate and boreal forest ecosystems of North America. Includes stand characterization, thinning, timber harvest and silviculture systems (regeneration methods) e.g., clear-cut, shelterwood, selection, coppice and forest health. (Prerequisites: BIOL 105X, BIOL 106X, BIOL 271, NRM 101 or permission of instructor. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Fall


NRM 353 3 Credits
Forest Regeneration
Forest regeneration from preharvest prescription through free-to-grow stages. Includes preharvest prescription, ecosystem functions and processes, forest genetic seed collection and processing, natural and artificial regeneration, planting, site preparation, and vegetation management. (Prerequisites: BIOL 105X, 106X or 271; or permission of instructor. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Fall


NRM 361 3 Credits
Advanced Wilderness Leadership Education
Study natural environment. Concentration on outdoor leadership, environmental ethics, minimum impact camping, forest and arctic natural history, and adaptable judgement and decision-making. Includes hiking through boreal forest and along tundra ridges, river crossing, glacier ascent, and skills to do these activities safety. This demanding educational field program of 26 days requires travel through rough un-trailed terrain with heavy packs (one-third of body weight) and average strength and stamina. No use of alcohol, tobacco, illegal drugs or firearms. (Prerequisites: NRM 101 or equivalent; NRM 161 or equivalent. Recommended: NRM/GEOG 463 and NRM 465.) Offered Summer, As Demand Warrants


NRM 365W 3 Credits
Principles of Outdoor Recreation Management
Theories, practices, economics and problems fundamental to the use of land and related natural resources for recreation. (Prerequisites: ENGL 111X; ENGL 211X or ENGL 213X; Junior standing, or permission of instructor.) (2 + 3) Offered Fall


NRM 370 3 Credits
Introduction to Watershed Management
The hydrologic cycle and the influence of land management techniques on water quantity, quality and timing. Water yield, soil erosion and non-point pollution, snowpack management, and land use alternatives. (Prerequisites: NRM 101 and GEOS 101X or permission of instructor.) (2 + 3) Offered Fall


NRM 375 3 Credits
Forest Ecology
Basic forest ecology concepts, including physical (wind, temperature, water, etc.), biotic (population and community dynamics), genetic and successional and landscape dynamics and how this basic information can be used in development of wise management plans for forest ecosystems. The laboratory will cover basic principles of measurement of the forest resource and will include field work for the first six weeks followed by laboratory analysis of collected samples and prepartion of a detailed report describing the ecology of the measured forest. Due to the short snow-free field season, the first laboratory session will be a full introduction to the field procedures that will be used throughout the first six weeks. (Prerequisite: NRM 251.) (2 + 3) Offered Fall


NRM 380W 3 Credits
Soils and the Environment
Soil development and classification; physical and chemical properties; biological activity; water movement and nutrient cycling in natural and manipulated ecosystems. (Prerequisites: CHEM 105 and ENGL 111X; ENGL 211X or ENGL 213X or permission of instructor.) (2 + 3) Offered Fall


NRM 400W 3 Credits
Fisheries Science
(Cross-listed with FISH 400W)
The subject of fishery science is reviewed to reflect the emerging concept of a study area integrated over a broad sweep of disciplines: oceanography, limnology, marine biology, fish population dynamics, aquaculture, economics, processing, product quality and development, and marketing. Demonstrates how such different subjects have feedback loops to one another and stresses the science fundamentals involved. (Prerequisites: ENGL 111X; ENGL 211X or ENGL 213X or permission of instructor; and one 200-level biology class. Co-requisite: STAT 200 [STAT 373-J].) (3 + 0) Offered Spring


NRM 401W,O/2 3 Credits
Fisheries Management
(Cross-listed with FISH 401W,O/2)
Principles, concepts and techniques of fisheries management in terms of their biological, economic, social and political aspects. Topics are stocking and introductions, habitat manipulation, sustainable yield, regulation, management organizations and their responsibilities. Examples of several fisheries are used to clarify concepts and practices. (Prerequisites: BIOL 271; COMM 131X or 141X; and ENGL 111X; ENGL 211X or ENGL 213X or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered Fairbanks, Fall; Offered Juneau, Alternate Fall


NRM 404 3 Credits
Environmental Impact Statement Law
Review of environmental impact statement requirements under the National Environmental Policy Act. Review of case law development over the past 28 years in the federal district, circuit and supreme courts. (Prerequisites: NRM 101 and sophomore standing.) (3 + 0) Offered Spring


NRM 405W 2 Credits
NRM 406W 2 Credits
Senior Thesis in Natural Resources Management I and II
Problem-solving with emphasis on writing and analysis. Individual project under the guidance of faculty sponsor involving formulation of a question in natural resources management and preparation of a formal, comprehensive written report. First semester: thesis proposal, presentation and research. Second semester: final thesis and presentation. (Prerequisites for NRM 405: ENGL 111X, NRM core, senior standing, senior thesis orientation workshop or permission of instructor. Prerequisite for NRM 406: ENGL 211X or ENGL 213X; NRM 405.) (2 + 0) Offered Fall, Spring


NRM 407 3 Credits
Environmental Law
The role of common law theory in regulatory, statutory and constitutional interpretation in the field of environmental protection, including air and water pollution, toxic/hazardous substances and land-use regulation. (Prerequisite: Junior or senior class standing or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered Spring


NRM 412 3 Credits
Field Crop Production
Agronomic principles and practices involved in the production, storage, marketing and utilization of field crops. (Prerequisite: NRM 211. Next offered: 2004-05.) (3 + 0) Offered As Demand Warrants


NRM 420 3 Credits
Animal Nutrition and Metabolism 3+0)
Nutrition and metabolism of domestic animals; ruminant and monogastric. (Prerequisites: CHEM 105X, CHEM 106X; biochemistry recommended.) (3 + 0) Offered As Demand Warrants


NRM 430 3 Credits
Resource Management Planning
(Stacked with NRM 630)
Application of planning and conflict resolution principles to natural resources management. Examines plans prepared in response to current Alaska resource disputes, including wolf, brown bear, boreal forest and recreation river plans. Includes public involvement, consensus building, the basic steps in the planning process and resource dispute simulations. (Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered Fall


NRM 431 3 Credits
Wildlife Law and Policy
(Cross-listed with WLF 431)
Study of laws and agencies shaping wildlife management in North America. History and current status of major policy issues. Organization of and funding sources for state and federal programs in wildlife conservation. (Prerequisite: A 3 credit course in wildlife management principles or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered Spring


NRM 432 3 Credits
(Stacked with NRM 632 and NORS 632 and cross-listed with NORS 432)
Literature of Science and the Environment (h)
Reading, analysis and discussion of classic and contemporary works in science, natural history and environmental literature. Some semesters all of the readings will follow one theme; other semesters a variety of fiction, poetry, oral tradition and nonfiction will be considered. Readings are selected from a spectrum of opinion on the relationship of people to the natural world and both analytical and creative writing are required. Resource management professionals and students in the sciences and humanities are welcome. May be repeated once for additional credit. (Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of the instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered As Demand Warrants


NRM 450 3 Credits
Forest Management
Forest land management for production of goods and services; relation of timber production to other forest land uses. Sustained yield, allowable cut, information needs, valuation, decision making. (Prerequisites: NRM 251, 340, ECON 235 (or equivalent), or permission of instructor. Next offered: 2004-05.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Fall


NRM 451W 3 Credits
Silviculture
Examines biological, environmental and silvicultural considerations essential for successful regeneration and maintenance of boreal and western North American forests. For persons in land management, including timber, woodlot, wildfire habitat, streamside, aesthetics. Provides intense look at science and art of forest stand management. Involves considerable critical writing. Field trips required. (Prerequisites: BIOL 271, ENGL 111X, NRM 251, junior standing, or permission of instructor. Next offered: 2004-05.) (2 + 3) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 452 3 Credits
Forest Health and Protection
Principles and practical management systems for protection from fire, insects and diseases. Factors in managing forest ecosystems, problems and techniques important in high latitude forests, especially in Alaska. (Prerequisites: BIOL 105X, 106X, 271, BIOL 239; NRM 251 or instructor’s permission. Next offered: 2004-05.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Fall


NRM 453 3 Credits
Harvesting and Utilization of Forest Products
Manual and mechanized timber harvesting systems including timber cutting, yarding and transport processes. Technology of processing wood into various products including lumber, plywood, veneer, pulp and energy. (Prerequisites: NRM 101 and 251 or permission of instructor. Next offered: 2005-06.) (2 + 3) Offered Alternate Fall


NRM 459 1 Credit
Boreal Forest Management and Soils (n)
(Stacked with NRM 659)
Field trip in the Tanana Valley to address forest management and soils. Includes sites from Fairbanks to Northway and south to the Alaska Range. Includes soils of aeolian, glacial, fluvial, residual landforms, supporting conifer, mixed conifer-hardwood and hardwood forests. Includes wildfire sites, young plantations, immature forest stands, mature forest, subalpine and thermokarst sites. Requires appropriate clothing/foot gear; provide own camping gear (sleeping bag, bedroll); able to walk on uneven or rocky ground through brush; physically fit for long days and field work. Material fee: $160. (Prerequisites: Soils course; ecology course; B.S. degree in agriculture or natural resources, or permission of instructor. Graded Pass/Fail.) (.5 + 0 + 30) Offered Alternate Summer, As Demand Warrants


NRM 461 3 Credits
Interpretive Services
Naturalist and other visitor programs in outdoor recreation areas: philosophy, planning and development of interpretive programs; resources, agencies, users, interpretive media and program evaluation. (Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered As Demand Warrants


NRM 462 3 Credits
Alaskan Environmental Education
(Cross-listed with ED 462)
Utilization of the environment inside and outside the formal classroom in all subject areas. Curriculum materials (K–12), interpretive and audiovisual aids, problem solving, and applications to situations from the public schools to summer camps, short courses, and workshops for individuals of any age. (Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered Fall


NRM 463 3 Credits
Wilderness Concepts
(Stacked with NRM 663 and GEOG 663 and cross-listed with GEOG 463)
Discovery of wilderness concepts, including the history and evolution of wilderness thought, the contemporary meaning of wilderness, and survey of economic and noneconomic wilderness values for individuals and society. (3 + 0) Offered Fall


NRM 464 3 Credits
Wilderness Management
(Cross-listed with GEOG 464)
Wilderness ecology and land management practices on lands designated as wilderness. Plus, visitor management regimes are analyzed. Both national and international views of wilderness are presented. (Prerequisite: A basic course in ecology, resource management, or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered Spring


NRM 465 3 Credits
Outdoor Recreation Planning
Outdoor recreation planning frameworks with an emphasis on experience-based management. Research methods to support outdoor recreation planning, including survey design, sampling in different planning situations and data alaysis. (Prerequisites: NRM 101 and ECON 235 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 480 3 Credits
Soil Management for Quality and Conservation
Managing soil in disturbed and natural ecosystems to reduce soil losses and maintain or improve soil quality. Methods for maintaining soil quality, preserving soil against loss from erosion, remediating contaminated soil and reclaiming degraded soils are discussed. (Prerequisite: NRM 380. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Fall


NRM 482 1 Credit
Why do Boreal Forests Matter
Introduction to the importance of boreal forests. Includes presentations by scientists and professionals, readings, and first-hand observations of components and process at work in the forest. Course is for non-forestry professionals and non-forestry majors. (Note: Be prepared for the typical demands of a field situation. Requires walking short distances over rough, uneven and wet terrain. Appropriate clothing is required.) (.5 + 1) Offered Summer, As Demand Warrants


NRM 485 3 Credits
Soil Biology (n)
Major groups of organisms in the soil and their interrelationships; the major biological processes which take place in the soil and their significance to soil productivity, plant growth and environmental quality; and methodology for studying soil organisms and soil biological processes. (Prerequisites: A course in biology or microbiology and a course in soils or permission of instructor. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 488 3 Credits
Land Management of Ecosystems (n)
(Stacked with NRM 688)
Natural resource topics related to the management of the terrestrial environment in regions such as the Pacific Northwest, Hawaii and the circumpolar north are presented. A basic understanding of the ecology of a specific region is presented prior to a spring break field trip. The field trip is designed to give the student a broad understanding of important topics affecting the management of important natural resources in the selected region. Lab fee: $750. (Prerequisites: NRM 211, 277, 375 or BIOL 271.) (3 + 0 + 40) Offered Spring


NRM 489 1 Credit
Alaska Soil Geography Field Trip
(Stacked with NRM 689)
Soil geography along ecological transect in selected areas of Alaska. Hands-on experiences on soil morphology and exposure of the relationships between soil genesis and other ecological factors including vegetation, geology, landform, climate and hydrology. Includes discussion of soil classification and land use interpretations. Student must provide their own camp gear, be able to walk on uneven or rocky ground and be physically fit for field work. (Prerequisites: NRM 380, or a course in soils, or permission of instructor.) (1 + 0) Offered Summer, As Demand Warrants


NRM 601 3 Credits
Research Methods in Natural Resources Management
Introduction for graduate students to the research methods as employed in the various fields of resource management, including agriculture, forestry, ecology and social sciences. Designed to acquaint students with the relationship between theory and research, the nature of scientific inquiry, the approaches to research, the sequence of steps involved in scientific investigation and the presentation of research results. (Prerequisites: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered Fall


NRM 625 3 Credits
Advanced Ungulate Management and Production Systems
Functional biology of large herbivores (ungulates) and management of the world’s grazing systems. Production strategies (cropping, herding, ranching and farming) as they pertain to productive and/or commercial management of wild ungulates with emphasis on Alaska’s species. Laboratory presents an introduction to flow charting, types of models, model design using various software, construction of a productive grazing system model, compiling a written report to explain the system designed. (Prerequisite: BIOL 105X or 106X and a wildlife or animal science course and permission of instructor.) (2 + 3) Offered As Demand Warrants


NRM 630 3 Credits
Resource Management Planning
(Stacked with NRM 430)
Application of planning and conflict resolution principles to natural resources management. Examines plans prepared in response to current Alaska resource disputes, including wolf, brown bear, boreal forest and recreation river plans. Includes public involvement, consensus building, the basic steps in the planning process, and resource dispute simulations. (Prerequisite: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered Fall


NRM 631 3 Credits
Resource Planning Practicum
Application of principles and processes through group projects focused on Alaska land or resource problems. (Prerequisite: NRM 630 or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered As Demand Warrants


NRM 632 3 Credits
(Stacked with NRM 432 and NORS 432 and cross-listed with NORS 632)
Literature of Science and the Environment
Reading, analysis and discussion of classic and contemporary works in science, natural history and environmental literature. Some semesters all of the readings will follow one theme; other semesters a variety of fiction, poetry, oral tradition and nonfiction will be considered. Readings are selected from a spectrum of opinion on the relationship of people to the natural world and both analytical and creative writing are required. Resource management professionals and students in the sciences and humanities are welcome. May be repeated once for additional credit. (Prerequisite: Graduate standing or permission of the instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered As Demand Warrants


NRM 637 3 Credits
Natural Resource Policy
(Cross-listed with ECON 637)
Resource policy issues development and implementation including forestry, mining, fisheries, oil, wildlife and other topics as demand warrants. Focus on policy issues involved in management of Alaska’s resources. (Prerequisite: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered As Demand Warrants


NRM 638 3 Credits
GIS Programming
GIS programming for ArcView, Arc/Info and ArcGIS. Programming techniques for customizing GIS, efficient batch processing and development of custom tools for GIS display and analysis. (Prerequisite: NRM 338 or equivalent. Next offered: 2004-05.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 640 3 Credits
Simulation and Modeling in Resource Management
Introduction to and discussion of the use of simulation and modeling in natural resource management. Emphasis on concepts, strategies and case studies. (Prerequisite: Graduate standing or permission of instructor. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 641 4 Credits
Natural Resource Applications of Remote Sensing
Application of remote sensing for inventory and analysis of natural resources. Topics include aerial photography applications and digital remote sensing, including image display, rectification, classification and accuracy assessment. (Prerequisite: NRM 338 or equivalent. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 3) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 651 3 Credits
Advanced Silviculture
Examines biological and environmental aspects of silviculture; addresses stand manipulation from the "silvicultural system” approach and includes regeneration, vegetation management, stand tending, "harvest” with considerations for biodiversity, "old-growth,” wildlife habitat and timber production. Ecological classification, landscape management, pre-harvest silvicultural prescriptions will be addressed. Must be able to participate in one weekend field trip. (Prerequisites: Permission of instructor and graduate student standing. Next offered: 2004-05.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 659 1 Credit
Boreal Forest Management and Soils (n)
(Stacked with NRM 459)
Field trip in the Tanana Valley to address forest management and soils. Includes sites from Fairbanks to Northway and south to the Alaska Range. Includes soils of aeolian, glacial, fluvial, residual landforms, supporting conifer, mixed conifer-hardwood and hardwood forests. Includes wildfire sites, young plantations, immature forest stands, mature forest, subalpine and thermokarst sites. Requires appropriate clothing/foot gear; provide own camping gear (sleeping bag, bedroll); able to walk on uneven or rocky ground through brush; physically fit for long days and field work. Material fee: $160. (Prerequisites: Soils course; ecology course; B.S. degree in agriculture or natural resources, or permission of instructor. Graded Pass/Fail.)(.5 + 0 + 30) Offered Alternate Summer


NRM 663 3 Credits
Wilderness Concepts
(Stacked with NRM 463 and GEOG 463 and cross-listed with GEOG 663)
Discovery of wilderness concepts, including the history and evolution of wilderness thought, the contemporary meaning of wilderness, and survey of economic and noneconomic wilderness values for individuals and society. (3 + 0) Offered Fall


NRM 665 3 Credits
Advanced Outdoor Recreation
Evaluation of contemporary outdoor recreation management models and the linkage between management programming and visitor response. Development of a synthesized model and testing with contemporary problems. (Prerequisite: Graduate standing. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Fall


NRM 670 3 Credits
Biometeorology
Radiation balance, energy balance relationships for natural and modified surfaces; physical environment in relation to biology and ecology of plants and animals; implications for resource and environmental management. (Prerequisites: Biological or physical science background and graduate standing or permission of instructor. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Fall


NRM 672 3 Credits
Nutrient Cycling
Examination of physical, chemical and biological processes controlling nutrient element recycling, availability and retention in natural and managed ecosystems. (Prerequisites: NRM 380, CHEM 106X, BIOL 271 or permission of instructor. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 675 3 Credits
Theoretical Forest Ecosystem Science
Theoretical concepts of forest ecosystem dynamics including theoretical developments in the description of plant growth, ecosystem productivity, decomposition and plant carbon allocation. Development of a model using the basic theoretical constructs. (Prerequisites: Undergraduate major in biological sciences or renewable resources including at least one course in ecology, one approved college-level mathematics course and graduate standing or permission of instructor. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 678 3 Credits
Ecosystem Management
Ecosystem Management addresses the current concepts being debated and used to manage renewable resources. Students will, through reading, discussion and written exercises, develop understanding and applications of the concept as well as draft definitions. Class sessions will involve lecture and discussion. (Prerequisites: B.S./B.A. with basic biology, wildlife, natural resources, forestry background, or demonstrated knowledge; seniors with permission of instructor only; public with knowledge/experience only; permission of instructor. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 681 3 Credits
Natural Area Protection and Management
An examination of the emergence of programs to identify, protect and maintain natural diversity and natural areas as a major factor in public and private resource management in the U.S. and Canada. Topics will include conservation biology principles, evolution and operating principles of natural area programs, natural area data management, natural area system administration. (Prerequisites: Basic biology [including genetics], introductory ecology, plant or animal systematics or taxonomy, introductory chemistry. Next offered: 2005-06.) (3 + 0) Offered Alternate Spring


NRM 685 3 Credits
Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry
In-depth examination of several (4–5) current topics in soil microbiology and biochemistry. Based on readings from the primary literature and discussions in class. Each student will be expected to lead at least one discussion, write a research proposal and present the proposal to class. (Prerequisites: at least one course in soil science and one course in microbiology or permission of instructor.) (3 + 0) Offered As Demand Warrants


NRM 688 3 Credits
Land Management of Ecosystems (n)
(Stacked with NRM 488)
Natural resource topics related to the management of the terrestrial environment in regions such as the Pacific Northwest, Hawaii and the circumpolar north are presented. A basic understanding of the ecology of a specific region is presented prior to a spring break field trip. The field trip is designed to give the student a broad understanding of important topics affecting the management of important natural resources in the selected region. Lab fee: $750. (Prerequisites: NRM 211, 277, 375 or BIOL 271.) (3 + 0 + 40) Offered Spring


NRM 689 1 Credit
Alaska Soil Geography Field Trip
(Stacked with NRM 489)
Soil geography along ecological transect in selected areas of Alaska. Hands-on experiences on soil morphology and exposure of the relationships between soil genesis and other ecological factors including vegetation, geology, landform, climate and hydrology. Includes discussion of soil classification and land use interpretations. Student must provide their own camp gear, be able to walk on uneven or rocky ground and be physically fit for field work. (Prerequisites: NRM 380, or a course in soils, or permission of instructor.) (1 + 0) Offered Summer, As Demand Warrants


NRM 692 1 Credit
Graduate Seminar
Topics in natural resources management explored through readings, student presentations, group discussions and guest speakers; high level of student participation. (Prerequisite: Graduate standing or permission of instructor.) (0 + 0 + 1) Offered Fall, Spring


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