Dental Anthropology

I am interested in the concept of resilience as an interpretive frame for cultures that are experiencing potentially transformative change. I focus on how biological data contribute to the narrative of past population resilience across time. Specifically, I compare temporal patterns of developmental stress via longitudinal data for permanent odonto-skeletal markers that develop in childhood (e.g., dental enamel defects and dental fluctuating asymmetry) to data from the archaeological record. My research in Japan focused on prehistoric complex hunter-gatherer-fisher populations that emerged in the Jōmon period (14,000-300 BCE) and persisted into both the agricultural Yayoi Period (300 BCE-300 CE) and the later Okhotsk Period (600-1000 CE). My findings were that the rapid and disruptive climate change experienced by prehistoric populations may have disrupted subsistence economies but these disruptions did not significantly impact population health across time and space. I deploy resilience theory in my efforts to explain why hunting-gathering-fishing persisted so long after the introduction of wet rice agriculture to Japan and with so little impact on health. While some foragers took to farming and retained elements of their Jōmon period culture, others continued foraging and were not diminished and marginalized by agriculturalists but thrived alongside them via the maintenance of cultural autonomy. 

  1. Publications
    Hoover KC, Williams FL. 2015. Variation in regional diet and mandibular morphology in prehistoric Japanese hunter-gatherer-fishers. Quaternary International (special edition on ‘Bioarchaeology of Northeast Asia’) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.01.
  2. Hudson MJ, Aoyama M, and Hoover KC. 2013. Navigating hunter-gatherer resilience: networks and insularity in the prehistory of the Ryukyu Islands. In: Damm C, and Saarikivi J, editors. Networks, Interaction and Emerging Identities in Fennoscandia and Beyond: Papers from the conference held in Tromsø, Norway, October 13–16 2009. Mémoires de la Société Finno-Ougrienne [Special Edition of the Finno-Hungarian Society Journal]
  3. 2012. Hudson M, Aoyama M, Hoover KC, Kawashima T, and Uchiyama J. 現在の地球気候変 動と考古学的研究—社会生態システムのレジリアンスを高めるための考古学的戦略の構築 (Archaeological research and current global climate change: Building archaeological strategies for increasing the resilience of social-ecological systems). The Quaternary Research (Journal of the Japanese Quaternary Society) 51(4):267-274.
  4. 2012. Hudson M, Aoyama M, Hoover KC, Uchiyama J. Prospects and challenges for an archaeology of global climate change. WIREs Climate Change. Impact Factor 2.913 DOI: 10.1002/wcc.1741.030 (Impact factor 2.128)1.
  5. 2008. Hoover KC, and Matsumura H. Temporal variation and interaction between nutritional and developmental instability in prehistoric Japanese populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 137:469-478. Impact Factor 2.824. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20892.In revision:
    Hudson MJ, Onishi H, Hoover KC, Aoyama Mami. Environmental change and resilience in the late prehistoric Okhotsk culture of Hokkaido. In preparation for a special issue of Quaternary International ‘Comparative Perspectives on the Hunter–Gatherer Archaeology of Northeast Eurasia.’(Impact factor 2.128).
  6. Hoover KC and Hudson MJ. Evidence for resilience in persistent hunter-gatherers in Kyushu. Quaternary International (special edition on ‘Bioarchaeology of Northeast Asia’) (Impact factor 2.128). Resubmitting Spring 2015.
  7. Hoover KC, Williams FL. 2015. Variation in regional diet and mandibular morphology in prehistoric Japanese hunter-gatherer-fishers. Quaternary International (special edition on ‘Bioarchaeology of Northeast Asia’) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.01.
  8. Hudson MJ, Aoyama M, and Hoover KC. 2013. Navigating hunter-gatherer resilience: networks and insularity in the prehistory of the Ryukyu Islands. In: Damm C, and Saarikivi J, editors. Networks, Interaction and Emerging Identities in Fennoscandia and Beyond: Papers from the conference held in Tromsø, Norway, October 13–16 2009. Mémoires de la Société Finno-Ougrienne [Special Edition of the Finno-Hungarian Society Journal]
  9. 2012. Hudson M, Aoyama M, Hoover KC, Kawashima T, and Uchiyama J. 現在の地球気候変 動と考古学的研究—社会生態システムのレジリアンスを高めるための考古学的戦略の構築 (Archaeological research and current global climate change: Building archaeological strategies for increasing the resilience of social-ecological systems). The Quaternary Research (Journal of the Japanese Quaternary Society) 51(4):267-274.
  10. 2012. Hudson M, Aoyama M, Hoover KC, Uchiyama J. Prospects and challenges for an archaeology of global climate change. WIREs Climate Change. Impact Factor 2.913 DOI: 10.1002/wcc.1741.030 (Impact factor 2.128)1.
  11. 2008. Hoover KC, and Matsumura H. Temporal variation and interaction between nutritional and developmental instability in prehistoric Japanese populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 137:469-478. Impact Factor 2.824. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20892.

Brian Hemphill

Coming soon...

 
Back to Top