Dena'ina (Tanaina), the Athabascan language of the Cook Inlet area, has four dialects -- on the Kenai Peninsula, in Upper Inlet area above Anchorage, and in coastal and inland areas on the west side of Cook Inlet. Dena'ina is the only Alaska Athabascan language to be spoken in a coastal environment, and it is the only Alaska Athabascan language spoken on both sides of the Alaska Range.
James Kari has done extensive work on the language since 1972, including his edition with Alan Boraas of the collected writings of Peter Kalifornsky in 1991.
A comprehensive Dena'ina web portal, Qenaga.org, was created in 2005.
Click below to hear a Dena'ina greeting:
- Nda'ich' q'u t'int'a? 'How are you?'
Yagheli. 'I'm fine'
- Alan Boraas' Dena'ina Language Guide, based on Joan Tenenbaum's 1978 Columbia University PhD dissertation, Morphology and Semantics of the Tanaina Verb. (The original dissertation is available from UMI Dissertation Services -- order no. 7613082.)
- Olga Lovick's 2005 University of Cologne PhD dissertation, Agentivity and Participant Marking in Dena'ina Athabascan, describes the distribution of pronouns. [download]
- Dena'ina Qenaga Du'idnaghelnik by Alex Balluta and Gladys Evanoff. Edited by Olga Müller. Dena'ina Phrases 1: Nondalton Dialect. Text and audio for common Dena'ina phrases. Produced jointly with the Alaska Native Heritage Center.
- Qenaga.org, a website devoted to Dena'ina language, was developed as part of a National Science Foundation project, Dena'ina Archiving, Training and Access. From that site it is possible to access the Dena'ina Language archives.
- ANLC Dena'ina Publications
- Some common expressions and dog names in Alaska Native languages