Population and Speaker Statistics

The article has been updated.
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Source: Michael E. Krauss (1997). The indigenous languages of the north: A report on their present state. Northern Minority Languages: Problems of Survival, ed. by Hiroshi Shoji & Juha Janhunen, 1-34. (Senri Ethological Studies 44.) Osaka, Japan: National Museum of Ethnology.

 
Language
Family
Language
Name
Population Speakers
Eskimo-Aleut Aleut 2000 255
(Russia) 200 5
Sugpiaq (Alutiiq) 3000 350
Central Yup'ik 21000 10000
Siberian Yupik 1100 1000
(Russia) 900 300
Inupiaq (Inuit) 13500 3100
(Canada) 30500 24500
(Greenland) 47000 47000
Tsimshianic Coast Tsimshian 1300 70
(Canada) 3200 <400
Nisga-Gitksan <100 <10
(Canada) 5400 <1000
Haida Northern Haida 600 15
(Canada) 1100 30
Athabascan-
Eyak-
Tlingit
Tlingit 10000 500
(Canada) 1000 75
Eyak 1
Ahtna 500 80
Dena'ina 900 75
Deg Xinag 275 40
Holikachuk 200 12
Koyukon 2300 300
Upper Kuskokwim 160 40
(Lower) Tanana 380 30
Tanacross 220 65
Upper Tanana 340 115
Han 50 12
(Canada) 250 7
Gwich'in 1100 300
(Canada) 1900 400
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