Alaska Native Language Archive

Archive Organization

The Alaska Native Language Archive adheres to the organizational schema developed and applied to each language within the Archive by Michael Krauss and Mary Jane McGary in the late 1970s. It involves a system of unique identifiers (folder numbers) aimed at arranging items chronologically by author. The files are generally organized by author, and thereunder by date of ‘publication’ or ‘work’. In files with multiple authors, the first or earliest author is used. The call number system codes the language series, author, and date. ‘Authorship’ should be interpreted loosely to include not only author in the traditional sense, but also collector, translator, transcriber, speaker, editor, compiler, or informant; these roles are generally indicated. A brief explanation of the call number system follows:

First element
The first element of the identifie denotes the language, language group, or collection. These are generally two-letter codes; a third letter is sometimes used to denote a dialect. Thus, AL denotes to Aleut, while ALE denotes in particular the Eastern dialect of Aleut, spoken east of Atka. A code in parentheses indicates a subseries. For example, CY(MOR) denotes Moravian church materials for the Central Alaskan Yup'ik language. Where a work refers to more than one language it may be catalogued with several language codes. A complete of codes is given below:

Alaskan Languages

G  General  
B  Bibligraphy  
CE  Comparative Eskimo  
AL  Aleut  
ALE  Aleut (Eastern)  
ALW  Aleut (Western)  
SU  Sugpiaq / Alutiiq  
SUK  Sugpiaq (Kodiak)  
SUC  Sugpiaq (Chugach)  
CY  Central Alaskan Yup'ik  
CY(MOR)  Central Alaskan Yup'ik (Moravian)  
CY(CAT)  Central Alaskan Yup'ik (Catholic)  
CY(RO)  Central Alaskan Yup'ik (Russian Orthodox)  
SY  Siberian Yupik / St. Lawrence Island Yupik  
SYS  Siberian Yupik (Siberia)  
NY  Naukan Yupik  
S  Sirenikski  
IN  Inupiaq  
INW  Inupiaq (Diomede)  
INQ  Inupiaq (Qawiaraq)  
INM  Inupiaq (Kobuk)  
INN  Inupiaq (North Slope)  
IN(S)   Inupiaq (schoolbooks)  
HA  Haida  
TS  Tsimshian  
HAA  Haida (Alaskan)  
HAS  Haida (SKidegate)  
HAM  Haida (Masset)  
TL  Tlingit  
EY  Eyak  
CA  Comparative Athabaskan  
AT  Ahtna  
TI  Dena'ina  
IK  Deg Xinag  
HO  Holikachuk  
UK  Upper Kuskokwim  
KO  Koyukon  
TN  Tanana  
TNMN   Tanana (Minto-Nenana)  
TNC   Tanana (Chena)  
TC  Tanacross  
UT  Upper Tanana  
HN  Han  
KU  Gwich'in  

Languages Outside Alaska

GR  Greenlandic  
CI  Canadian Inuit  
SA  Alaskan Saami  
RU  Alaskan Russian  
RI  Russian indigenous languages (non-Eskimo-Aleut)  
CN  Canadian Athabaskan  
PC  Pacific Coast Athabaskan  
AP  Apachean  

Second element
The second element of the identifier is a three-digit number consisting of the last three digits of the year of the author’s first known work on or in the language. When an item has more than one author, the date is usually that of the first-named author. When earlier works are discovered after an identifier is already assigned to an author, the existing "start date" is retained.

Third Element
The third element of the identifier is the first letter of the author’s surname, or several letters in the case of co-authors. For example, B refers to Bergsland; BD refers to Bergsland and Dirks. A second lowercase letter may be used to distinguish two authors whose surnames begin with the same letter and who started working with the language in the same year.

Fourth Element
The fourth element of the identifier gives the date of the item. The given date on the published item is used as the item date. When an item includes several editions, translations, or reprinting of a single item, the date of the specific edition in the archive is listed. In some cases an academic year date appears on educational publications, such as 78/79; here the first year has been used as an item date. In the dating of unpublished materials, if a date appears on the item, it is used as the publication date, except in rare cases where we have concrete knowledge that the date is in error. Undated items have been assigned dates based on our knowledge of the authors work. Some of theses dates are quite approximate and this is usually noted in the description. If multiple items were published in the same year, they are distinguished by letters of the alphabet following the date, e.g. "1973a", "1973b".

Some examples:
AL935R1982a reads as the first of several items produced in 1982 by Ransom, who began working on the Aleut language in 1935. ALE948ME1948 reads as an item in the Eastern dialect of Aleut produced in 1948 by Marsh and Ermeloff; Marsh began working on Aleut in 1948.